One was Donovan Crowl, an ex-Marine who charged towards a Capitol entrance in paramilitary garb on January 6 as the Pro-Trump crowd chanted “who’s our President?”

Federal authorities later recognized Crowl, 50, as a member of a self-styled militia group in his dwelling state of Ohio and affiliated with the extremist group the Oath Keepers. His mom informed CNN that he beforehand informed her “they were going to overtake the government if they…tried to take Trump’s presidency from him.” She mentioned he had turn out to be more and more indignant throughout the Obama administration and that she was conscious of his assist for former President Donald Trump.

Despite these obvious pro-Trump views, a county election official in Ohio informed CNN that he registered in 2013 however “never voted nor responded to any of our confirmation notices to keep him registered,” so he was faraway from the voter rolls at the finish of 2020 and the state mentioned he was not registered in Ohio. A county clerk in Illinois, the place Crowl was as soon as registered, additionally confirmed he was not an energetic voter wherever in the state.

Crowl was indicted by a federal grand jury on expenses of destruction of authorities property and conspiracy for allegedly coordinating with others to plan their assault. He stays in custody after a choose mentioned, “The suggestion to release him to a residence with nine firearms is a non-starter.” In an interview cited by the authorities, Crowl informed the New Yorker that he had peaceable intentions and claimed he had protected the police. Crowl’s lawyer didn’t present a remark about his consumer’s voting report.

Many concerned in the rebel professed to be motivated by patriotism, falsely declaring that Trump was the rightful winner of the election. Yet at the very least eight of the people who find themselves now going through legal expenses for his or her involvement in the occasions at the Capitol didn’t vote in the November 2020 presidential election, in accordance to an evaluation of voting data from the states the place protestors have been arrested and people states the place public data present they have lived. They got here from states round the nation and ranged in age from 21 to 65.

To decide who voted in November, CNN obtained voting data for greater than 80 of the preliminary arrestees. Most voted in the presidential election, and whereas many have been registered Republicans, a handful have been registered as Democrats in these jurisdictions that supplied celebration info — although who somebody votes for just isn’t publicly disclosed. Public entry to voter historical past data varies by state, and CNN was unable to view the data of some of these charged.

Among those that didn’t vote have been a 65-year-old Georgia man who, in accordance to authorities paperwork, was discovered in his van with a fully-loaded pistol and ammunition, and a Louisiana man who publicly bragged about spending almost two hours inside the Capitol after attending Trump’s “Stop the Steal” rally. Another was a 21-year-old lady from Missouri who prosecutors say shared a video on Snapchat that confirmed her parading round with a bit of a wood signal from House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s workplace. And a Florida man beforehand convicted of tried homicide who was accused by the authorities of refusing to depart the Capitol possible didn’t have the possibility to forged a poll as a result of of his unpaid courtroom fines.

Jessica Stern, a Boston University professor who has spent round 30 years researching extremists, mentioned that whereas she hasn’t spoken with the people concerned in the occasions at the Capitol, from her interviews with different violent extremists, she believes a quantity of elements may have been at play. They may have believed the system was rigged, as the “Stop the Steal” motion claims, in which case there can be no level in voting. They could possibly be extra attracted to the theater, violence or consideration they would get from an illustration like the one at the Capitol than to really reaching their purported objective — in this case, totally different election results.

They swore to protect America. Some also joined the riot

Stern speculated that it was a mixture of these causes, including that emotions of anger and humiliation usually draw individuals to extremist teams and violence. She mentioned that for somebody to really forged a vote, “you would have to believe in the ethic of voting more than you thought it was a waste of time…and see it as a moral imperative. You have to believe the system works for everyone, that it’s for the good of the country.”

Jack Griffith, a 25-year-old from Tennessee, trumpeted his arrival in Washington DC with a Facebook put up saying, “THE CAVALRY IS COMING!!!!,” utilizing the hashtag “#MAGA,” in accordance to courtroom paperwork. Shortly after leaving the Capitol on January 6, he posted a message of disappointment. “I hate to be that guy, but The New World Order beat us,” he wrote. “Trump was our greatest champion, and it still wasn’t enough. He tried his very best. He did so much, but he’s only one man…I even helped stormed(sic) the capitol today, but it only made things worse…Why, God? Why? WHY HAVE YOU FORSAKEN US? Unless…Trump still has a plan?”

"THE CAVALRY IS COMING!!!!," Jack Griffith posted on Facebook about going to D.C., according to court records.

These on-line missives describing his participation in the Capitol siege have been later utilized by the Department of Justice to construct a legal case in opposition to him. Griffith faces a quantity of expenses, together with violent entry or disorderly conduct on Capitol grounds.

Election information from Tennessee and Alabama, the place public data present Griffith had lived, confirmed that he had voted in the 2016 and 2018 elections however not the 2020 presidential election. The public defender who initially represented him declined to remark. Another lawyer listed as representing him now didn’t reply to requests for remark.

Jack Jesse Griffith is facing federal charges in relation to the Capitol riots.

Court data element how University of Kentucky senior Gracyn Courtright posted a collection of photos on Instagram displaying herself marching with a big American flag and one other together with her arms raised in triumph exterior the Capitol, with the caption, “can’t wait to tell my grandkids I was here.” Later, she posted a photograph of herself in a stomach baring shirt with the caption, “Infamy is just as good as fame. Either way I end up more known. XOXO.”

An Instagram photo posted by Gracyn Courtright shows her on Capitol grounds and was included in federal court records.

Courtright, who was charged with crimes together with knowingly coming into a restricted constructing, was additionally recognized on surveillance footage lugging a congressional “Members Only” signal round the Capitol, in accordance to courtroom data. “idk what treason is,” she wrote in a dialog shared with the FBI by a tipster, who had confronted the school pupil in a collection of Instagram messages. Courtright just isn’t registered in Kentucky, the place she attends college, in accordance to election officers. She is registered in her dwelling state of West Virginia, however data present she didn’t vote in the 2020 election. Her lawyer informed CNN that Courtright didn’t dispute the indisputable fact that she didn’t vote in the election however declined additional remark.

In an image taken from surveillance video, Gracyn Courtright is seen walking up the steps near the Senate Chamber carrying a "Members Only" sign.

In a string of social media posts he shared straight from the Capitol, Edward Jacob Lang of New York portrayed himself as prepared for a revolution. “1776 has commenced,” he wrote in one which was cited by the authorities, displaying him standing on the steps of the Capitol. “I was the leader of Liberty today. Arrest me. You are on the wrong side of history,” learn one other. After leaving the Capitol, he continued to encourage followers to be a part of the “patriot movement” with him. “GIVE ME LIBERTY OR GIVE ME DEATH,” he posted.

Federal prosecutors mentioned that video footage from January 6 reveals Lang making an attempt to assault law enforcement officials with a baseball bat, donning a fuel masks and riot protect. He now faces a range of federal expenses, together with assaulting, resisting or impeding sure officers or workers, civil dysfunction and violent entry. A current ProPublica narrative additionally revealed how Lang had used the on-line messaging app Telegram in an try to radicalize “normies” and persuade them to be a part of native militia teams — encouraging individuals in the days after the Capitol riot to top off on weapons and put together for battle.
Prosecutors said in court documents that the man pictured in a gas mask appears to be Lang.

Though state data present that Lang is registered to vote and had participated in a pair of previous elections, county and state officers confirmed to CNN that he didn’t vote in the November election. Lang’s lawyer mentioned in a press release that Lang claimed from jail that he submitted an absentee poll, saying, “Mr. Lang has always represented himself as a Libertarian…He is not a devout Trump supporter, but believes that those taking office will not uphold citizens’ First and Second Amendment rights.”

Insurrection fueled by conspiracy groups, extremists and fringe movements

New York regulation requires absentee ballots to be postmarked by election day and acquired inside the following week in order to be counted. When requested about Lang’s declare that he despatched in an absentee poll, the Sullivan County Board of Elections directed CNN to file an open data request in order to obtain any info. The request had not been responded to earlier than the time of publishing.

Lang’s lawyer additionally mentioned the 25-year-old was a “naive, impressionable young man” who had been provoked by Trump’s rhetoric. He cited Senator Mitch McConnell’s assertion that “the mob was fed lies” and mentioned he hoped that Lang and others wouldn’t be thought-about responsible “due solely to their associations, beliefs and presence.”

A person who recognized himself with the title of Lang’s father refused to speak with a reporter, saying, “We hate CNN. We’re pro Trump, goodbye.” In a assertion to a neighborhood newspaper, Lang’s father attributed his son’s actions at the Capitol to “a substance abuse problem.”
Edward Jacob Lang posted a string of social media posts from the Capitol riots that were cited by prosecutors.

Arie Perliger, a professor at University of Massachusetts Lowell who specializes in right-wing home terror, mentioned that he was not stunned to hear some of the rioters had not voted, significantly militia members like Crowl, since militia membership is usually rooted in a mistrust of authorities. Still, he mentioned he was involved that it may mirror a rising erosion of religion in the American democratic course of, which is a “risk we need to think about.”

“When we see that significant ideological groups are stopping participating in the Democratic process, that may mean they are looking for other ways to participate, and those other ways could be more violent,” mentioned Perliger, who oversees a database of right-wing extremist acts of violence in the United States. “We should be concerned if we see a growing number of ideological groups are reducing their involvement in electoral politics.”

What ought to we examine subsequent? Email us: watchdog@cnn.com.

CNN’s Curt Devine, Sara Sidner, Anna-Maja Rappard and CNN Editorial Research contributed to this report.