Photo illustration by Slate. Photos by Amazon and Valerie Macon/AFP by way of Getty Images.

In Slates annual Music Club, Slate music critic Carl Wilson emails with fellow criticsthis 12 months, Rolling Stone employees author Brittany Spanos, New York Times contributor Lindsay Zoladz, and particular friends Ann Powers, Jack Hamilton, Chris Molanphy, and Julyssa Lopezabout the 12 months in music.

My dearest Music Clubbers,

What a deal with its been to learn you all unpack this 12 months so eloquently. I really feel extremely honored to have been part of this.

The closing stretch of posts has had me pondering and rethinking the music that outlined my 12 months that I havent but touched upon for this panel. What was left evoked the identical feelings I spent plenty of the 12 months feeling however avoiding: anger and unhappiness. As I discussed in my second entry, after I was at my angriest and saddest this 12 months, I couldnt bear to hearken to something. I selected escape when wanted because the 12 months progressed, by means of marathoning motion pictures on my watch checklist and listening to disco I (very clearly) can’t wait to bop to.

Yet there have been blink-and-you-miss-it moments of musical rage and angst that I discovered to be a fully crucial launch. Halseys Manic was an early, pre-pandemic favourite I stored on repeat. I used to be first drawn to the post-grunge 3am, a tune about operating by means of your cellphone ebook for some late night time consideration. By March, I used to be fixated on the one You Should Be Sad, a tune a few poisonous ex with a title that has eerily mirrored my emotions when viewing movies of crowded, maskless events as our nationwide physique depend rises.

Poppys nu-metal odyssey I Disagree was one other early 2020 favourite that discovered a special sort of resonance throughout life in lockdown, with the kind of brain-silencing loudness Ive beloved since I used to be an angsty preteen. In pop, there was a fleetingly stunning nu-metal revival at first of the 12 months. Halsey teamed up with Bring Me the Horizon for Experiment on Me, her deliciously noisy contribution to the wonderful Birds of Prey soundtrack. Rina Sawayamas Sawayama, one of the very best debut albums of the previous few years, was dripping in early-2000s MTV, the assembly level of Britney Spears and Limp Bizkit. Her assured single STFU! is a tune that my desires are product of: a mosh pit prepared banger with a hook fully about wanting somebody to, effectively, shut the fuck up.

I used to be additionally happy to have the return of Evanescence this 12 months, one of the bands to soundtrack these aforementioned angsty preteen years. Their first album of recent songs in a decade comes out in a number of months, however the single Wasted on You is an impeccable heavy steel energy ballad that made me spend some a lot wanted high quality time with the bands first two LPs.

I underestimated the immense consolation of listening to the identical music I used to play through the last lengthy stretch of being trapped and moody in my bed room: midaughts radio rock and scene child pop-punk. Machine Gun Kellys Travis Barkerassisted Tickets to My Downfall felt in some methods like a conflict flashback, with the customarily goofy rapper pivoting to Warped Tour prince. Its his greatest album but, with MGK meditating on the lack of his father, psychological well being, his new romance with Megan Fox (good couple), and what he needs to go away behind for his younger daughter. In the previous I discovered his music straightforward to jot down off (his appearing profession, nevertheless, is iconic), however this album is a therapeutic however nonetheless open wound that works brilliantly as an homage to the artists that had been formative for him, as effectively.

How can I wrap up all my 2020 in music ideas with out a nod to 2 of my most-listened-to albums by one of my favourite songwriters? Would or not it’s charming, if a bit of gauche, if I introduced up somebody now we have talked about a number of instances already? Ill do it anyway: Taylor Swifts Folklore and Evermore are two albums I didnt suppose I wished to listen to this 12 months however ended up needing. The common BPM on my most-listened-to songs for the primary half of 2020 was fairly excessive, so it stunned me that the dreary goth-folk of Folklore particularly drew me in the best way it did. But just like the dance music, pussy discuss, and heavy steel guitars that allowed me to flee from actuality all through the day, so did Swifts departures into tales exterior her personal.

Would or not it’s charming, if a bit of gauche, if I introduced up somebody now we have talked about a number of instances already?

On Folklore, a central story strings collectively a number of of the songs: a teenage love triangle starring the fictional lovers Betty and James (with a cameo from a pal named Inez). As a longtime fan of Swifts breakup songs, the quantity of which has been the butt of jokes for years now, I beloved that she is probably the most in love shes ever been and nonetheless writing them, simply discovering different relationships to unearth heartbreak in. Lindsay made such an important level about the girlhood that defines her lyrics; her age and perspective after 20 years of songwriting make her return to the schoolyard all of the extra revealing and heartbreaking. So lengthy to Romeo and all of the enchanted conferences: Sometimes everybody and every little thing simply hurts and theres not a lot you are able to do about it.

Of course, she got here again with a second album that ripped me to shreds greater than the primary. Maybe as a result of as a substitute of singing from the teenage perspective, she appears to be like again on not so distant youth with immense ache and development. Champagne Problems breaks aside a pair of faculty sweethearts, whereas Tis the Damn Season reunites the woman who left her small city for the massive metropolis with the one who perhaps acquired away. Their reunion is fleeting, a vacation go to fling that she tries to maintain as impersonal as her new friendships again in L.A. Dorothea, like Folklores Betty, reexamines a relationship (on this case, the identical one depicted in Season) from the attitude of the male lead, wanting from afar on the glamorous Hollywood lifetime of the highschool sweetheart he used to like. My private favourite, Coney Island, is a melancholy dialog between Swift and the Nationals Matt Berninger, enjoying the kind of doomed Brooklyn couple of each tune by the National. One worries she did an excessive amount of whereas the opposite worries he did too little. Was anybody else damaged in half by them harmonizing Sorry for not profitable you an arcade ring?

Coney Island wasnt the primary tune to make me overtly sob after I first performed Evermore a pair weeks in the past. That title goes to Happiness, a sort of classically Swiftian breakup purge. But not like the 22-year-old Swift on an album like Red, she readily acknowledges that like the enjoyment she felt in her relationship, all of the frustration and unhappiness shall additionally move. There was unimaginable magnificence to have fun and no villains to create: simply unhealthy blood and a number of recollections linger.

In some methods thats how I really feel about 2020. People have been debating on-line whether or not its OK to have fun the great issues that occur in a 12 months like this. I’m in favor of greedy on to these moments of happiness. If we dont, then whats left? How can we transfer ahead? Every time I acquired to see the faces of my buddies, household, or colleagues, just about or in any other case, felt like I used to be being injected instantly with sunshine. Every sentence I wrote has felt like a marathon. We have made it to the end line, and I toast all of it. Long story brief, it was a nasty 12 months. Now, 2021, Im all about you.

Happy holidays to you all and thanks on your brains now and ceaselessly.

Leave all of it behind and there’s happiness,

Brittany

Read the earlier entry. Read the subsequent entry.

n “.concat(n.innerHTML,”n n “),loaded.delete(e),n.classList.remove(“lazyload-container–loaded”),t.fluid&&(n.style.paddingBottom=””.concat(r,”px”),n.classList.remove(“lazyload-container–fluid”))}else console.error(“can’t discover container to unload el”,e)}}module.exports.createObserver=function(e){e=_objectSpread({intersectionObserverOptions:{rootMargin:”100% 0% 100% 0%”},restrict:1/0,fluid:!1,onLoad:perform(){},onUnload:perform(){}},e);var t=new Map;return new IntersectionObserver(perform(n){n.forEach(perform(n){var r;t.has(n.goal)?r=t.get(n.goal):(r={el:n.goal},t.set(n.goal,r)),r.isIntersecting=n.isIntersecting,r.offsetTop=n.boundingClientRect.prime+window.scrollY,!r.loaded&&r.isIntersecting&&(load(n.goal,e),r.loaded=!0,e.onLoad(n.goal,e))});var r=[];t.forEach(perform(e){e.loaded&&r.push(e)});var o=r.length-e.restrict;o>0&&r.filter(perform(e){return!e.isIntersecting}).map(perform(e){return e.distance=Math.abs(e.offsetTop-window.scrollY),e}).type(perform(e,t){return t.distance-e.distance}).slice(0,o).forEach(perform(t){unload(t.el,e),t.loaded=!1,e.onUnload(t.el,e)})},e.intersectionObserverOptions)};
}, {}];
window.modules[“39”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;module.exports.track=function(e,t,a){try{var i=Object.assign({},window.slatePermutiveData&&window.slatePermutiveData.page||{});t&&(i=Object.assign(i,t)),i.article&&i.article.gsChannels&&delete i.article.gsChannels,window.permutive&&window.permutive.track(e,i,a)}catch(e){console.error(“failed to log permutive”,e)}};
}, {}];
window.modules[“41″] = [function(require,module,exports){var isObject=require(598),now=require(726),toNumber=require(725),FUNC_ERROR_TEXT=”Expected a function”,nativeMax=Math.max,nativeMin=Math.min;function debounce(n,i,t){var e,r,o,u,a,c,v=0,f=!1,m=!1,d=!0;if(“function”!=typeof n)throw new TypeError(FUNC_ERROR_TEXT);function T(i){var t=e,o=r;return e=r=void 0,v=i,u=n.apply(o,t)}function s(n)m&&n-v>=ofunction b(){var n=now();if(s(n))return l(n);a=setTimeout(b,function(n){var t=i-(n-c);return m?nativeMin(t,o-(n-v)):t}(n))}function l(n){return a=void 0,d&&e?T(n):(e=r=void 0,u)}function w(){var n=now(),t=s(n);if(e=arguments,r=this,c=n,t){if(void 0===a)return function(n){return v=n,a=setTimeout(b,i),f?T(n):u}(c);if(m)return clearTimeout(a),a=setTimeout(b,i),T(c)}return void 0===a&&(a=setTimeout(b,i)),u}return i=toNumber(i)||0,isObject(t)&&(f=!!t.leading,o=(m=”maxWait”in t)?nativeMax(toNumber(t.maxWait)||0,i):o,d=”trailing”in t?!!t.trailing:d),w.cancel=function(){void 0!==a&&clearTimeout(a),v=0,e=c=r=a=void 0},w.flush=function(){return void 0===a?u:l(now())},w}module.exports=debounce;
}, {“598″:598,”725″:725,”726”:726}];
window.modules[“42”] = [perform(require,module,exports){“use strict”;perform ownKeys(r,e){var t=Object.keys(r);if(Object.getOwnPropertySymbols){var o=Object.getOwnPropertySymbols(r);e&&(o=o.filter(perform(e){return Object.getOwnPropertyDescriptor(r,e).enumerable})),t.push.apply(t,o)}return t}perform _objectSpread(r){for(var e=1;e=r.size?{executed:!0}:{executed:!1,worth:r[o++]}},e:perform(r){throw r},f:n}}throw new TypeError(“Invalid attempt to iterate non-iterable instance.nIn order to be iterable, non-array objects must have a [Symbol.iterator]() method.”)}var a,i=!0,c=!1;return{s:perform(){t=r[Symbol.iterator]()},n:perform(){var r=t.subsequent();return i=r.executed,r},e:perform(r){c=!0,a=r},f:perform(){strivet.return()lastly{if(c)throw a}}}}perform _unsupportedIterableToArray(r,e){if(r)”Set”===t?Array.from(r):”Arguments”===t}perform _arrayLikeToArray(r,e)e>r.size)&&(e=r.size);for(var t=0,o=new Array(e);t0){var c=_objectSpread(_objectSpread({},getMorgioniProps()),e);strive{localStorage.setItem(STORAGE_KEY,JSON.stringify(c))}catch(r){console.error(“failed to store event props”,r)}}}}perform getMorgioniProps(){strivevoid 0catch(r){console.error(“failed to access event props”,r)}}perform removeMorgioniProps(){localStorage.take awayItem(STORAGE_KEY)}module.exports={getMorgioniProps:getMorgioniProps,setMorgioniProps:setMorgioniProps,removeMorgioniProps:removeMorgioniProps};
}, {}];
window.modules[“43”] = [function(require,module,exports){!function(e){var n;if(“function”==typeof define&&define.amd&&(define(e),n=!0),”object”==typeof exports&&(module.exports=e(),n=!0),!n){var t=window.Cookies,o=window.Cookies=e();o.noConflict=function(){return window.Cookies=t,o}}}(function(){function e(){for(var e=0,n={};e2592e6&&(t=INITIAL_PAGE_VIEW_COUNT,localStorage.take awayItem(PAGE_HASH_KEY));var _=(localStorage.getItem(PAGE_HASH_KEY)||””).split(“https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”).filter(Boolean);return _.contains(o)||(t===INITIAL_PAGE_VIEW_COUNT&&(a=i),_.push(o),localStorage.setItem(PAGE_HASH_KEY,_.be part of()),t++),{pv:t,first:a}}module.exports={getMpvCookie:getMpvCookie,updateMpvValue:updateMpvValue,setMpvCookie:setMpvCookie};
}, {“43”:43}];
window.modules[“52”] = [function(require,module,exports){var before=require(723);function once(e){return before(2,e)}module.exports=once;
}, {“723”:723}];
window.modules[“64”] = [function(require,module,exports){var baseGet=require(611);function get(e,t,r){var a=null==e?void 0:baseGet(e,t);return void 0===a?r:a}module.exports=get;
}, {“611”:611}];
window.modules[“67”] = [function(require,module,exports){var Module=function(){“use strict”;function t(t,e){var n=new(Function.prototype.bind.apply(t,[null].concat(e)));return t.module.context[t.refName]=n,n}perform e(t,e,n){var i=perform(t){var e,n;for(e=0;e0)&&”visible”!=A(r,”overflow”)&&(n=r.getBoundingClientRect(),s=W>n.left&&xn.top-1&&L500&&a.clientWidth>500?500:370:n.broaden,i._defEx=v,y=v*n.expFactor,h=n.hFac,B=null,j2&&m>2&&!e.hidden?(j=y,J=0):j=m>1&&J>1&&G<6?v:0;r=f&&(L=o.prime)<=N&&(W=o.right)>=f*h&&(x=o.left)<=M&&(T||W||x||L)&&(n.loadHidden||Q(b[r]))&&(d&&G<3&&!g&&(m<3||J<4)||U(b[r],u))){if(nt(b[r]),c=!0,G>9)break}else!c&&d&&!l&&G<4&&J<4&&m>2&&(s[0]||n.preloadAfterLoad)&&(s[0]||!g&&(T||W||x||L||”auto”!=b[r].getAttribute(n.sizesAttr)))&&(l=s[0]||b[r]);else nt(b[r]);l&&!c&&nt(l)}},X=(F=V,ok=0,D=n.throttleDelay,H=n.ricTimeout,O=perform(){R=!1,ok=r.now(),F()},P=c&&H>49?perform(){c(O,{timeout:H}),H!==n.ricTimeout&&(H=n.ricTimeout)}:_(perform(){l(O)},!0),perform(t)),Y=function(t){var e=t.target;e._lazyCache?delete e._lazyCache:(K(t),v(e,n.loadedClass),y(e,n.loadingClass),h(e,tt),b(e,”lazyloaded”))},Z=_(Y),tt=function(t){Z({target:t.target})},et=function(t),it=_(function(t,e,i,a,r){var s,o,d,c,m,z;(m=b(t,”lazybeforeunveil”,e)).defaultPrevented||(a&&(i?v(t,n.autosizesClass):t.setAttribute(“sizes”,a)),o=t.getAttribute(n.srcsetAttr),s=t.getAttribute(n.srcAttr),r&&(d=t.parentNode,c=d&&u.test(d.nodeName||””)),z=e.firesLoad||”src”in t&&(o||s||c),m={target:t},v(t,n.loadingClass),z&&(clearTimeout(f),f=l(K,2500),h(t,tt,!0)),c&&g.call(d.getElementsByTagName(“source”),et),o?t.setAttribute(“srcset”,o):s&&!c&&(I.test(t.nodeName)?function(t,e){try{t.contentWindow.location.replace(e)}catch(i){t.src=e}}(t,s):t.src=s),r&&(o||c)&&p(t,{src:s})),t._lazyRace&&delete t._lazyRace,y(t,n.lazyClass),E(function(){var e=t.complete&&t.naturalWidth>1;z&&!e||(e&&v(t,”ls-is-cached”),Y(m),t._lazyCache=!0,l(perform(){“_lazyCache”in t&&delete t._lazyCache},9))},!0)}),nt=perform(t),at=perform(){if(!d)if(r.now()-C<999)l(at,999);else{var t=w(perform(){n.loadMode=3,X()});d=!0,n.loadMode=3,X(),o("scroll",perform(){3==n.loadMode&&(n.loadMode=2),t()},!0)}};return{_:perform(){C=r.now(),i.parts=e.getElementsByClassName(n.lazyClass),s=e.getElementsByClassName(n.lazyClass+" "+n.preloadClass),o("scroll",X,!0),o("resize",X,!0),t.MutationObserver?new MutationObserver(X).observe(a,{childList:!0,subtree:!0,attributes:!0}):(a.addEventListener("DOMNodeInserted",X,!0),a.addEventListener("DOMAttrModified",X,!0),setInterval(X,999)),o("hashchange",X,!0),["focus"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"mouseover"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"click"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"load"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"transitionend"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"animationend"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"webkitAnimationEnd"].forEach(function(t){e.addEventListener(t,X,!0)}),/d$|^c/.test(e.readyState)?at():(o("load",at),e.addEventListener("DOMContentLoaded",X),l(at,2e4)),i.elements.length?(V(),E._lsFlush()):X()},checkElems:X,unveil:nt}}(),S=(D=_(function(t,e,i,n)),H=perform(t,e,i){var n,a=t.mother or fatherNode;a&&(i=C(t,a,i),(n=b(t,"lazybeforesizes",{width:i,dataAttr:!!e})).defaultPrevented||(i=n.element.width)&&i!==t._lazysizesWidth&&D(t,a,n,i))},O=w(perform(){var t,e=ok.size;if(e)for(t=0;t0&&void 0!==arguments[0]?arguments[0]:{},n=f(),r=void 0,i=void 0,o=void 0,c=,s=doc.physique.classList.accommodates(“srcset”)||”srcset”in doc.createElement(“img”),u=window.devicePixelRatio||window.display screen.deviceXDPI/window.display screen.logicalXDPI,a=perform(){var e=arguments.size>0&&void 0!==arguments[0]?arguments[0]:{},n=Object.create(null);perform r(t,e)[],n[t].push(e),thisperform i(t){var e=arguments.size>1&&void 0!==arguments[1]&&arguments[1];return e?n[t].splice(n[t].indexOf(e),1):delete n[t],this}return t({},e,{on:r,as soon as:perform(t,e){return e._once=!0,r(t,e),this},off:i,emit:perform(t){for(var e=this,r=arguments.size,o=Array(r>1?r-1:0),c=1;c=e-u&&i<=r+u}function h(){return o=window.innerHeight,i.forEach(function(t){return d(t)&&function(t){if(a.emit("src:before",t),s&&t.hasAttribute(c.srcset))t.setAttribute("srcset",t.getAttribute(c.srcset));elset.getAttribute(c.regular))a.emit("src:after",t),[c.normal,c.retina,c.srcset].forEach(perform(e){return t.removeAttribute(e)}),v()}(t)}),r=!1,this}perform v(){return i=Array.prototype.slice.name(doc.questionSelectorAll("["+c.normal+"]")),this}}}); }, {}]; window.modules["538"] = [function(require,module,exports){var getNative=require(540),root=require(539),DataView=getNative(root,"DataView");module.exports=DataView; }, {"539":539,"540":540}]; window.modules["539"] = [function(require,module,exports)freeSelf, {"704":704}]; window.modules["540"] = [function(require,module,exports){var baseIsNative=require(632),getValue=require(710);function getNative(e,a){var t=getValue(e,a);return baseIsNative(t)?t:void 0}module.exports=getNative; }, {"632":632,"710":710}]; window.modules["541"] = [function(require,module,exports){var hashClear=require(546),hashDelete=require(542),hashGet=require(543),hashHas=require(545),hashSet=require(544);function Hash(e){var h=-1,a=null==e?0:e.length;for(this.clear();++h-1}module.exports=checklistCacheHas;
}, {“595”:595}];
window.modules[“552”] = [function(require,module,exports){var assocIndexOf=require(595),arrayProto=Array.prototype,splice=arrayProto.splice;function listCacheDelete(e){var r=this.__data__,a=assocIndexOf(r,e);return!(a<0)&&(a==r.length-1?r.pop():splice.call(r,a,1),--this.size,!0)}module.exports=listCacheDelete; }, {"595":595}]; window.modules["553"] = [function(require,module,exports){var getNative=require(540),root=require(539),Map=getNative(root,"Map");module.exports=Map; }, {"539":539,"540":540}]; window.modules["554"] = [function(require,module,exports){var mapCacheClear=require(559),mapCacheDelete=require(558),mapCacheGet=require(555),mapCacheHas=require(556),mapCacheSet=require(557);function MapCache(e){var a=-1,p=null==e?0:e.length;for(this.clear();++an))return!1;var f=u.get(e);if(f&&u.get(r))return f==r;var o=-1,_=!0,s=a&COMPARE_UNORDERED_FLAG?new SetCache:void 0;for(u.set(e,r),u.set(r,e);++o-1&&epercent1==0&&e<=MAX_SAFE_INTEGER}module.exports=isLength; }, {}]; window.modules["638"] = [function(require,module,exports){var baseMatches=require(640),baseMatchesProperty=require(642),identity=require(639),isArray=require(580),property=require(641);function baseIteratee(e){return"function"==typeof e?e:null==e?identity:"object"==typeof e?isArray(e)?baseMatchesProperty(e[0],e[1]):baseMatches(e):property(e)}module.exports=baseIteratee; }, {"580":580,"639":639,"640":640,"641":641,"642":642}]; window.modules["639"] = [function(require,module,exports){function identity(t){return t}module.exports=identity; }, {}]; window.modules["640"] = [function(require,module,exports){var baseIsMatch=require(631),getMatchData=require(651),matchesStrictComparable=require(650);function baseMatches(a){var t=getMatchData(a);return 1==t.length&&t[0][2]?matchesStrictComparable(t[0][0],t[0][1]):perform(e)baseIsMatch(e,a,t)}module.exports=baseMatches; }, {"631":631,"650":650,"651":651}]; window.modules["641"] = [function(require,module,exports){var baseProperty=require(668),basePropertyDeep=require(669),isKey=require(652),toKey=require(613);function property(e){return isKey(e)?baseProperty(toKey(e)):basePropertyDeep(e)}module.exports=property; }, {"613":613,"652":652,"668":668,"669":669}]; window.modules["642"] = [function(require,module,exports){var baseIsEqual=require(625),get=require(64),hasIn=require(654),isKey=require(652),isStrictComparable=require(653),matchesStrictComparable=require(650),toKey=require(613),COMPARE_PARTIAL_FLAG=1,COMPARE_UNORDERED_FLAG=2;function baseMatchesProperty(e,r){return isKey(e)&&isStrictComparable(r)?matchesStrictComparable(toKey(e),r):function(a)COMPARE_UNORDERED_FLAG)}module.exports=baseMatchesProperty; }, {"64":64,"613":613,"625":625,"650":650,"652":652,"653":653,"654":654}]; window.modules["643"] = [function(require,module,exports){var isPrototype=require(644),nativeKeys=require(645),objectProto=Object.prototype,hasOwnProperty=objectProto.hasOwnProperty;function baseKeys(e){if(!isPrototype(e))return nativeKeys(e);var r=[];for(var t in Object(e))hasOwnProperty.name(e,t)&&"constructor"!=t&&r.push(t);return r}module.exports=baseKeys; }, {"644":644,"645":645}]; window.modules["644"] = [function(require,module,exports){var objectProto=Object.prototype;function isPrototype(o)module.exports=isPrototype; }, {}]; window.modules["645"] = [function(require,module,exports){var overArg=require(712),nativeKeys=overArg(Object.keys,Object);module.exports=nativeKeys; }, {"712":712}]; window.modules["646"] = [function(require,module,exports){var isObject=require(598),isPrototype=require(644),nativeKeysIn=require(647),objectProto=Object.prototype,hasOwnProperty=objectProto.hasOwnProperty;function baseKeysIn(e)module.exports=baseKeysIn; }, {"598":598,"644":644,"647":647}]; window.modules["647"] = [function(require,module,exports){function nativeKeysIn(n){var e=[];if(null!=n)for(var r in Object(n))e.push(r);return e}module.exports=nativeKeysIn; }, {}]; window.modules["649"] = [function(require,module,exports){var isFunction=require(633),isLength=require(637);function isArrayLike(i){return null!=i&&isLength(i.length)&&!isFunction(i)}module.exports=isArrayLike; }, {"633":633,"637":637}]; window.modules["650"] = [function(require,module,exports){function matchesStrictComparable(t,e){return function(r)t in Object(r)))}module.exports=matchesStrictComparable; }, {}]; window.modules["651"] = [function(require,module,exports){var isStrictComparable=require(653),keys=require(609);function getMatchData(r){for(var e=keys(r),t=e.length;t--;){var a=e[t],i=r[a];e[t]=[a,i,isStrictComparable(i)]}return e}module.exports=getMatchData; }, {"609":609,"653":653}]; window.modules["652"] = [function(require,module,exports)(["'])(?:(?!1)[^], {"580":580,"679":679}]; window.modules["653"] = [function(require,module,exports){var isObject=require(598);function isStrictComparable(e){return e==e&&!isObject(e)}module.exports=isStrictComparable; }, {"598":598}]; window.modules["654"] = [function(require,module,exports){var baseHasIn=require(619),hasPath=require(714);function hasIn(a,s){return null!=a&&hasPath(a,s,baseHasIn)}module.exports=hasIn; }, {"619":619,"714":714}]; window.modules["656"] = [function(require,module,exports){var arrayLikeKeys=require(577),baseKeysIn=require(646),isArrayLike=require(649);function keysIn(e){return isArrayLike(e)?arrayLikeKeys(e,!0):baseKeysIn(e)}module.exports=keysIn; }, {"577":577,"646":646,"649":649}]; window.modules["666"] = [function(require,module,exports){var baseGet=require(611),baseSet=require(667),castPath=require(612);function basePickBy(e,a,t){for(var r=-1,s=a.length,b={};++r0&&(t=r.apply(this,arguments)),e<=1&&(r=void 0),t}}module.exports=earlier than; }, {"724":724}]; window.modules["724"] = [function(require,module,exports){var toFinite=require(745);function toInteger(t){var e=toFinite(t),r=e%1;return e==e?r?e-r:e:0}module.exports=toInteger; }, {"745":745}]; window.modules["725"] = [function(require,module,exports){var isObject=require(598),isSymbol=require(679),NAN=NaN,reTrim=/^s+|s+$/g,reIsBadHex=/^[-+]0x[0-9a-f]+$/i,reIsBinary=/^0b[01]+$/i,reIsOctal=/^0o[0-7]+$/i,freeParseInt=parseInt;perform toNumber(e){if("number"==typeof e)return e;if(isSymbol(e))return NAN;if(isObject(e)){var r="function"==typeof e.worthOf?e.worthOf():e;e=isObject(r)?r+"":r}if("string"!=typeof e)return 0===e?e:+e;e=e.exchange(reTrim,"");var t=reIsBinary.check(e);return t||reIsOctal.check(e)?freeParseInt(e.slice(2),t?2:8):reIsBadHex.check(e)?NAN:+e}module.exports=toNumber; }, {"598":598,"679":679}]; window.modules["726"] = [function(require,module,exports){var root=require(539),now=function(){return root.Date.now()};module.exports=now; }, {"539":539}]; window.modules["728"] = [function(require,module,exports){var arrayEach=require(575),baseEach=require(599),castFunction=require(683),isArray=require(580);function forEach(r,a){return(isArray(r)?arrayEach:baseEach)(r,castFunction(a))}module.exports=forEach; }, {"575":575,"580":580,"599":599,"683":683}]; window.modules["736"] = [function(require,module,exports){function stubFalse(){return!1}module.exports=stubFalse; }, {}]; window.modules["745"] = [perform(require,module,exports){var toNumber=require(725),INFINITY=1/0,MAX_INTEGER=1.7976931348623157e308;perform toFinite(e)e===-INFINITY?(e<0?-1:1)*MAX_INTEGER:e==e?e:0:0===e?e:0module.exports=toFinite; }, {"725":725}]; window.modules["slate-ad.client"] = [function(require,module,exports){"use strict";var googletag=googletag||{};googletag.cmd=googletag.cmd||[],DS.controller("slate-ad",["adService"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"$visibility"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"headerBidding"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"adsPlus",function(e,t,o){return function(i){var n=e.createAd(i);(function(){var e=document.querySelector(".homepage-sponsorship");if(i=!1,e)var t=e.getAttribute("data-sponsorship-start"),o=(new Date).getTime(),i=o>t&&o-t<864e5;return i})()||function(e){return"podcast-headline"===e.type}(n)?function(o,i){t.isElementNotHidden(i)&&window.googletag.cmd.push(function(){e.requestAd(o)})}(n,i):function(i,n){new t.Visible(n,{preloadThreshhold:400}).on("preload",function(){t.isElementNotHidden(n)&&(i.prebid?o.prebid(i):window.googletag.cmd.push(function(){e.requestAd(i)}))})}(n,i)}}]),DS.service("adsPlus",["$window",function(e){require(1).isMember()&&e.googletag.cmd.push(function(){e.googletag.pubads().setTargeting("segs"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"plus")})}]); }, {"1":1}]; window.modules["slate-paywall.client"] = [function(require,module,exports){"use strict";var cookies=require(43),slateAmplitude=require(3),membership=require(1),_require=require(29),toUrl=_require.toUrl;function checkPaywall(e,t){var a=t.isRoadblockVisible,l=t.paywallDisabled,n=t.rubric;if(a)return e.parentElement.classList.add("roadblock-visible"),void firePaywallComplete(!0);var i=JSON.parse(e.dataset.maxMpv),r=cookies.getJSON("mpv")?cookies.getJSON("mpv").pv:1,u=JSON.parse(e.dataset.excludedContent),s=[];try{s=slateAmplitude.getDomEventData().tags}catch(e){console.warn("unable to get page tags",e)}var c=membership.isMember(),o=checkExcludedContent(u,{pageTags:s,rubric:n});if([-1!==i,!c,!a].every(Boolean)){if(r>=i&&!o&&!l)return allowPaywall(e),void fireplacePaywallFull(!0);i-r<=5&&r0&&void 0!==arguments[0]&&arguments[0],t=new CustomEvent(“paywallComplete”,{element:{isPaywalled:e,isMember:membership.isMember(),isLoggedIn:membership.isLoggedIn()}});doc.dispatchEvent(t)}perform allowWarning(e){e.parentElement.classList.add(“warning-eligible”);var t=e.questionSelector(“.slate-paywall__content–warning .slate-paywall__button”);t.href=constructWarningButtonLink(e),shipWarningAmplitude(t)}perform allowPaywall(e){e.parentElement.classList.add(“paywall-eligible”);var t=e.questionSelector(“.slate-paywall__content–paywall .slate-paywall__button”);t.href=constructPaywallButtonLink(e),shipPaywallAmplitude(t)}perform checkExcludedContent(e,t)perform checkExcludedTags(e,t){return t.some(perform(t){return e.contains(t)})}perform constructPaywallButtonLink(e){var t=e.questionSelector(“.slate-paywall__button”).href,a=e.questionSelector(“.article__hed”),l={redirect_uri:window.location.href,utm_medium:”paywall”,utm_campaign:”plus100″,utm_source:”article”,by way of:”paywall”};return a&&(l.utm_content=firstTwoWords(a.textual contentContent)),toUrl(t,l).href}perform constructWarningButtonLink(e){var t=e.questionSelector(“.slate-paywall__button”).href;return toUrl(t,{utm_medium:”link”,utm_campaign:”plus”,utm_content:”meter_warning”,utm_source:”sticky_banner”})}perform shipPaywallAmplitude(e){window.slateAmplitudeQueue.push(perform(){slateAmplitude.trackAfterPageview(“MeterWallShown”,{worth:!0})}),e.addEventListener(“click”,perform(){slateAmplitude.observe(“Click Paywall CTA”)})}perform shipWarningAmplitude(e){window.slateAmplitudeQueue.push(perform(){slateAmplitude.trackAfterPageview(“MeterWarningShown”,{worth:!0})}),e.addEventListener(“click”,perform(){slateAmplitude.observe(“Click Meter Warning CTA”)})}perform firstTwoWords(){return(arguments.size>0&&void 0!==arguments[0]?arguments[0]:””).split(” “).slice(0,2).be part of(“_”)}module.exports=perform(e){JSON.parse(e.dataset.isActive)&&(doc.addEventListener(“articleLoaded”,perform(t){verifyPaywall(e,t.element)}),e.questionSelector(“.slate-paywall__close-button”).addEventListener(“click”,perform(){e.classList.add(“slate-paywall–hidden”)}))};
}, {“1″:1,”3″:3,”29″:29,”43”:43}];
window.modules[“analytics-js-loader.client”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;module.exports=function(e){void 0===e.dataset.disableClientJs&&(!function(e,t){var n=e.amplitude||{_q:[],_iq:{}},i=t.createElement(“script”);i.kind=”text/javascript”,i.integrity=”sha384-t5vT47el2d0e6uQ1h75P9Lbzo8by6pbk+Rg41Gm4xuTGR+eDLpbWslKUtZMDe9Bj”,i.crossOrigin=”anonymous”,i.defer=!0,i.src=”https://cdn.amplitude.com/libs/amplitude-5.6.0-min.gz.js”,i.onload=function();var o=t.getElementsByTagName(“script”)[0];perform r(e,t){e.prototype[t]=perform(){return this._q.push([t].concat(Array.prototype.slice.name(arguments,0))),this}}o.mother or fatherNode.insertBefore(i,o);for(var s=perform(){return this._q=[],this},a=[“add”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”append”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”clearAll”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”prepend”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”set”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”setOnce”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”unset”],u=0;u=t[i][1])return t[i][0];return t[0][0]}perform logPageView(e,t,i){var o=slateAmplitude.getDomEventKnowledge(t),r=new URLSearchParams(location.search),n=by way of.retrieve();n&&r.set(“via”,n),o.search=”?”+r.toString(),o.amplitude_id=e.choices?e.choices.machineId:”no options – no deviceId”,o.viewportWidth=doc.documentElement.clientWidth,o.layoutBreakpoint=getLayoutBreakpoint(o.viewportWidth);var s=getUserMembershipType();s&&(o.plan=s),loginId&&(o.signed_in_uuid=loginId),o.taboola_loaded=forgedAsAmplitudeBool(isTaboolaLoaded()),o.taboola_eligible=forgedAsAmplitudeBool(isTaboolaEligible()),window.Scroll&&Scroll.config.detected&&(o.isScrollUser=!0),o.visitstart=forgedAsAmplitudeBool(isVisitStart());strive{o.adBlocker=forgedAsAmplitudeBool(isAbEnabled())}catch(e){console.error(e)}isNaN(i.pv)||(o.Nth_pageview=i.pv+””),getAffiliateLinks().size>0&&(o[“Affiliate Link”]=””),discoverComponent(“product”)&&(o[“Product Component”]=””);var a=discoverComponent(“newsletter-signup”);o[“Includes Newsletter Signup”]=forgedAsAmplitudeBool(a),a&&(o[“Newsletter Signup Placement”]=”In Content”);var l=discoverComponent(“slate-plus-button”);if(l){var u=l.questionSelector(“.slate-plus-button__basic”);u&&(o[“Slate Plus Button Component”]=u.innerText)}var c=!s&&discoverComponent(“slate-roadblock”);o[“Includes Slate Plus Roadblock”]=forgedAsAmplitudeBool(c),discoverComponent(“header-promo”)&&(o[“Includes Header Promo”]=”TRUE”),slateAmplitude.web page(o)}perform setMemberStatusUserProp(e){var t=getUserMembershipType();t&&(e.plan=t)}perform setUserLoginId(e){loginId&&(e.signed_in_uuid=loginId)}perform setScrollUserProp(e){var t=window.Scroll&&Scroll.config.detected;t&&(e.scrollUser=t)}perform setABUserProp(e){var t=Cookies.get(“AB”);e.abTest=isValidAbTestString(t)?t:”0″}perform trackEndOfArticle(){var e=doc.questionSelector(“.slate-paragraph–tombstone”);if(e){var t=_once(perform(){slateAmplitude.observe(“Completed article”),slatePermutive.observe(“ArticleCompletion”),doc.take awayEventListener(“scroll”,i)}),i=_throttle(perform(){var i=”scrollY”in window?window.scrollY:window.pageYOffset;e.offsetTop+e.offsetHeight<=i+window.innerHeight&&t()},300);doc.addEventListener("scroll",i)}}perform logUserProperties(e){e=e||amplitude.getInstance();var t={};setABUserProp(t),setMemberStatusUserProp(t),setUserLoginId(t),setScrollUserProp(t),e.setUserProperties(t)}perform handleMpvCookie(e){var t=e.dataset.pagetype,i=["article"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"coverstory"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"plus"].includes(t),o=getMpvCookie();return i&&(o=updateMpvValue(o,e.dataset.web pageHash),setMpvCookie(o)),o}module.exports=perform(e){var t=handleMpvCookie(e);window.slateAmplitudeQueue.push(perform(i){observeAffiliateLinks(),trackEndOfArticle(),logPageView(i,e,t),logUserProperties(),by way of.setPageType(e.dataset.pagetype)})}; }, {"1":1,"2":2,"3":3,"39":39,"43":43,"48":48,"49":49,"50":50,"51":51,"52":52}]; window.modules["social-share.client"] = [function(require,module,exports){"use strict";var socialPopupWindow=require(9);DS.controller("social-share",[function(){return function(o){return socialPopupWindow.attachEvents(o)}}]); }, {"9":9}]; window.modules["slate-external-video.client"] = [function(require,module,exports){"use strict";var lazyloadHtml=require(30),videoObserver=lazyloadHtml.createObserver({limit:2});module.exports=function(e){videoObserver.observe(e)}; }, {"30":30}]; window.modules["in-article-recirc.client"] = [function(require,module,exports){"use strict";DS.controller("in-article-recirc",[function(){function e(e){this.el=e;var i=e.nextElementSibling,t=this.getOriginalReferenceNode();if(i&&i===t){this.updatePosition();var n=function(e){setTimeout(function(){this.updatePosition()}.bind(this))}.bind(this);[320,768,1024,1440].forEach(perform(e){window.matchMedia("(min-width: "+e+"px)").addListener(n)})}}return e.prototype={getOriginalReferenceNode:perform(){return this.el.mother or fatherNode.questionSelector(".slate-paragraph, .partner-branding")},getOverrideReferenceNode:perform(){for(var e=0,i=this.el.mother or fatherNode.kids.size,t=this.el.mother or fatherNode.firstElementChild,n=0;n0&&window.permutive.determine(a),permutive.consent({opt_in:t,token:”slate-token”}),permutive.addon(“web”,window.slatePermutiveData);var u=doc.createElement(“script”);u.src=”https://cdn.permutive.com/”+e.dataset.permutiveProjectId+”-web.js”,u.defer=!0;var s=doc.getElementsByTagName(“script”)[0];return s.mother or fatherNode.insertBefore(u,s),!0},updateConsentFunc:perform(e){if(permutive)strive{JSON.parse(localStorage[“permutive-consent”]).opt_in!=e&&permutive.consent({opt_in:e,token:”slate-token”})}catch(t){permutive.consent({opt_in:e,token:”slate-token”})}}}),permutive.prepared(perform(){window.slateAmplitudeQueue.push(perform(){var e=[];permutive.context&&e.push({tag:”puid”,id:permutive.context.user_id});strive{var t=window.amplitude.getInstance().choices.machineId;t&&e.push({tag:”amplitudeId”,id:t})}catch(e){console.error(“Error setting amplitudeId”,e)}e.size>0&&permutive.determine(e)})})};
}, {}];
window.modules[“piano.client”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;var slateAmplitude=require(3),_require=require(42),getMorgioniProps=_require.getMorgioniProps,setMorgioniProps=_require.setMorgioniProps,cookies=require(43);window.tp||(window.tp=[]);var tp=window.tp;strive{var articleData=slateAmplitude.getDomEventKnowledge();tp.push([“setContentCreated”,articleData.pub_date]),tp.push([“setContentAuthor”,articleData.authors.be part of(“https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”)]),tp.push([“setContentSection”,articleData.section]),tp.push([“setCustomVariable”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”contentRubric”,articleData.rubric]),tp.push([“setTags”,articleData.tags])}catch(e){console.warn(“failed to set web page knowledge for piano”,e)}tp.push([“setUsePianoIdUserProvider”,!0]),tp.push([“init”,function(){var e=window.tp;e.amplitude=slateAmplitude,e.morgioni={getMorgioniProps:getMorgioniProps,setMorgioniProps:setMorgioniProps},e.fireAmplitude=function(t){e.morgioni.setMorgioniProps();var o=e.morgioni.getMorgioniProps();slateAmplitude.track(t,o)},e.pianoId.init({loginSuccess:function(){if(!cookies.get(“sp_secure_id”)){var e=document.documentElement.dataset.myslateurl;fetch(“”.concat(e,”/membership/verify/”),{credentials:”include”})}},loggedOut:function(){[“.local.dev.slate.com”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”.dev.slate.com”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”.stage.slate.com”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”.slate.com”].forEach(perform(e){[“splus”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”sp_secure_id”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”lf_secure_login_id”].forEach(perform(t){cookies.take away(t,{area:e})})});strive{for(var e=0;e-1&&localStorage.take awayItem(localStorage.key(e))}catch(e){}}})}]);
}, {“3″:3,”42″:42,”43”:43}];
window.modules[“adblock-message.client”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;var membership=require(1),isMember=membership.isMember(),isAbEnabled=require(2).isAbEnabled,slateAmplitude=require(3);DS.controller(“adblock-message”,[function(){var e;return(e=function(e){this.el=e,this.message=e.querySelector(“.adblock-message__content”);try0catch(e){return}window.addEventListener(“load”,function(){!function(e){try{localStorage.pageview=e}catch(e){}}(++s)});var t=this;window.setTimeout(function(){var e=isAbEnabled();!isMember&&e&&(s-2)%3==0&&t.showMessage()},1e3),document.body.addEventListener(“click”,function(e)t.hideMessage())),document.addEventListener(“keyup”,function(e))}).prototype={events:{“.js-message-close click”:”hideMessage”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”.js-message-button click”:”buttonAnalytics”},messageIsVisible:function(){return document.body.classList.contains(“adblock-enabled”)},showMessage:function(){document.body.classList.add(“adblock-enabled”),slateAmplitude.track(“Adblocker – View Overlay”)},hideMessage:function(e){document.body.classList.remove(“adblock-enabled”)},buttonAnalytics:function(e){var s=e.target.text;slateAmplitude.track(“Adblocker – Click “+s)}},e}]);
}, {“1″:1,”2″:2,”3”:3}];
window.modules[“webapp-serviceworker.client”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;function _createForOfIteratorHelper(r,e){var t;if(“undefined”==typeof Symbol||null==r[Symbol.iterator]){if(Array.isArray(r)||(t=_unsupportedIterableToArray(r))||e&&r&&”number”==typeof r.size){t&&(r=t);var n=0,o=perform(){};return{s:o,n:perform(){return n>=r.size?{executed:!0}:{executed:!1,worth:r[n++]}},e:perform(r){throw r},f:o}}throw new TypeError(“Invalid attempt to iterate non-iterable instance.nIn order to be iterable, non-array objects must have a [Symbol.iterator]() method.”)}var i,a=!0,c=!1;return{s:perform(){t=r[Symbol.iterator]()},n:perform(){var r=t.subsequent();return a=r.executed,r},e:perform(r){c=!0,i=r},f:perform(){strivelastly{if(c)throw i}}}}perform _unsupportedIterableToArray(r,e){if(r)”Set”===t?Array.from(r):”Arguments”===t}perform _arrayLikeToArray(r,e)e>r.size)&&(e=r.size);for(var t=0,n=new Array(e);t-1&&(console.log(“removing serviceworker”),n.unregister())}}catch(r){t.e(r)}lastly{t.f()}})}();
}, {“3”:3}];
window.modules[“amazon-oneclick.client”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;module.exports=function(e){window.nonIabVendorApi.registerVendor(“amazon-oneclick”,{categories:[“C0004”],initFunc:perform(e){if(e){var n=doc.createElement(“script”);n.src=”https://z-na.amazon-adsystem.com/widgets/onejs?MarketPlace=US&adInstanceId=797217ac-ca6e-482f-8925-4c302e9c855c”,n.defer=!0,n.type=”text/javascript”;var t=doc.getElementsByTagName(“script”)[0];t.mother or fatherNode.insertBefore(n,t)}},updateConsentFunc:perform(e){}})};
}, {}];
window.modules[“aaa-module-mounting.legacy”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;var eventify=require(68),_pickBy=require(70),_each=require(69),DS=require(67),_throttle=require(48),Cookies=require(43);function registerGlobals(){window.DS=DS,window.Eventify=eventify,DS.value(“Eventify”,eventify),DS.value(“_throttle”,_throttle),DS.value(“Cookies”,Cookies),DS.value(“$document”,window.document),DS.value(“$window”,window)}function mountDollarSliceComponents(){DS.service(“components”,[“$document”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”$module”,function(e,o){var t=_pickBy(o.definitions,function(e){return e.providerStrategy===o.providers.controller}),n=Object.keys(t);function r(e){return function(t){try{o.get(e,t)}catch(e){logMountError(t,e)}}}_each(n,function(o){var t=e.querySelectorAll(‘[data-uri*=”/_components/’+o+’/”]’),n=e.questionSelectorAll(‘[data-uri$=”/_components/’+o+'”]’);_each(t,r(o)),_each(n,r(o))}),this.parts=n}]),DS.get(“components”)}perform logMountError(e,o){var t=e.outerHTML.slice(0,e.outerHTML.indexOf(e.innerHTML));console.error(“Error attaching controller to “+t,o)}registerGlobals(),doc.addEventListener(“DOMContentLoaded”,perform(){mountDollarSliceComponents()});
}, {“43″:43,”48″:48,”67″:67,”68″:68,”69″:69,”70”:70}];
window.modules[“ads.legacy”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;DS.service(“adService”,[“$window”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”headerBidding”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”$visibility”,function(t,e,a){t.googletag=t.googletag||{},t.googletag.cmd=t.googletag.cmd||[],t.pbjs=t.pbjs||{},t.pbjs.que=t.pbjs.que||[];var i,d={},o=[],r=(i=/[?&]test_ads=([^&#?]+)/.exec(t.location.search))?i[1]:””,g=window.doc.documentElement.getAttribute(“data-uri”).break up(“/”)[2].exchange(“@published”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,””),n=[];function s(t){var e=[];return t&&t.size&&(t=t.break up(“https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”)).map(function(t){t=t.split(“x”);var a=parseInt(t[0]),i=parseInt(t[1]);e.push([a,i])}),e}perform l(){var t=doc.questionSelector(“div[data-adnode]”),e=””;return t&&(e=t.getAttribute(“data-adnode”)),e}t.googletag.cmd.push(perform(){var i=doc.questionSelector(“.js-analytics-js-data”).getAttribute(“data-pagetype”).exchange(” “https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”-“);t.googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(),t.googletag.enableServices();var d=Math.flooring(1e13*Math.random()),s=doc.questionSelectorAll(‘meta[name=”dfp-cache-buster”]’)[0];s&&s.content material&&(d=s.content material),t.googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“dfp_cache_buster”,d).setTargeting(“page_id”,g).setTargeting(“page_type”,i);doc.cookie.match(/usprivacy=d+[YN]Y/)&&t.googletag.pubads().setRequestNonPersonalizedAds(1),r&&googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“kw”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”test_”+r);var l=doc.cookie.match(/AB=(d+_d+)/);l&&l.size>1&&googletag.pubads().setTargeting(“ab_var”,l[1]),googletag.pubads().addEventListener(“slotRenderEnded”,perform(i){var d=i.slot,r=d.getSlotElementId(),g=t.doc.getElementById(r);if(Array.isArray(i.measurement)&&i.measurement[0]&&i.measurement[1]){var s=i.measurement[0]+”x”+i.measurement[1];(perform(t){return”2×2″!==t&&”1×2″!==t&&”1×3″!==t&&”1×4″!==t})(s)&&!o[r]&&(perform(t){t.clearTargeting(“hb_adid”),t.clearTargeting(“hb_bidder”),t.clearTargeting(“hb_pb”),t.clearTargeting(“hb_size”),t.setTargeting(“refresh”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”yes”)}(d),function(i,d,o){setInterval(function(){(function(e){return!!t.document.hasFocus()&&a.isElementInViewport(e)})(o)&&e.prebid(d,i)},3e4)}(d,n[r],g),o[r]=!0)}})}),this.requestAd=function(t){t.defineSlot(),googletag.pubads().refresh([t.gptSlot],{changeCorrelator:!1})},this.createAd=function(e){var a,i,o=e.getAttribute(“data-type”),r=e.getAttribute(“data-prebid”),g=e.getAttribute(“data-sizes”),u=e.getAttribute(“data-prebid-sizes”),c=e.getAttribute(“data-zone-id”),p=e.getAttribute(“data-placement-id”),b=e.getAttribute(“data-criteo-id”),h=e.getAttribute(“data-site-id”),f=e.getAttribute(“data-tl-code”);return d[o]||(d[o]=1),e.id=o+”-“+d[o],d[o]++,{id:e.id,kind:o,adUnit:(“91898098″https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”slate.com”,i=l(),”91898098/slate.com/”+i),prebid:(a=r,”true”===a),dfpSizes:s(g),prebidSizes:s(u),rubiconZoneId:c,appnexusPlacementId:p,criteoZoneId:b,indexSiteId:h,tripleliftCode:f,gptSlot:null,defineSlot:function(){this.gptSlot=t.googletag.defineSlot(this.adUnit,this.dfpSizes,this.id),n[this.id]=this,this.gptSlot.addService(googletag.pubads()),this.gptSlot.setTargeting(“site”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”redux”),this.gptSlot.setTargeting(“refresh”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”no”),this.gptSlot.setTargeting(“pos”,this.id),t.googletag.display(this.id)}}}}]);
}, {}];
window.modules[“headerbidding.legacy”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;DS.service(“headerBidding”,function(){var e,t=function(){var e;try”[]”).slice(0,250).map(String)catch(t){e=[]}return e}(),i=perform(){var e;strive{var t=JSON.parse(window.localStorage._psegs).map(Number).filter(perform(e){return e>=1e6}).map(String),i=JSON.parse(window.localStorage._ppam||”[]”);e=t.concat(i)}catch(t){e=[]}return e}(),n=perform(){strive{var e=doc.questionSelector(“div[data-adnode]”),t=e.getAttribute(“data-adnode”),i=t.break up(“/”)[0];return i}catch(e){console.warn(“failed to get section”,e)}}(),r=require(1).isMember();perform s(e){e.biddersManager.amazon&&e.biddersManager.prebid&&d(e)}perform d(e){e.biddersManager.adserverRequestSent||(e.biddersManager.adserverRequestSent=!0,googletag.cmd.push(perform(){googletag.pubads().refresh([e.gptSlot],{changeCorrelator:!1})}))}perform a(e)e.defineSlot()this.prebid=perform(t){(e=t).biddersManager={adserverRequestSent:!1,prebid:!1,amazon:!1};var i=this;window.slateCMP.TCF.prepared.then(perform(e){i.requestBidsFromExchanges.name(i)}),setTimeout(perform(){googletag.cmd.push(perform(){a(e),d(e)})},1500)},this.requestBidsFromExchanges=perform(){this.getBidsFromPrebidExchanges(),this.getBidsFromAmazon()},this.getBidsFromPrebidExchanges=perform(){var t=this.createPrebidAdUnit();pbjs.que.push(perform(){pbjs.addAdItems([t]);var i=e;pbjs.requestBids({adUnitCodes:[e.id],bidsBackHandler:perform(){googletag.cmd.push(perform(){pbjs.que.push(perform(){a(i),pbjs.setTargetingForGPTAsync([i.id]),pbjs.take awayAdUnit(i.id),i.biddersManager.prebid=!0,s(i)})})}})})},this.getBidsFromAmazon=perform(){var t=this.createApsAdUnit(),i=pbjs.getConfig(“bidderTimeout”),n=i||800,r=e;apstag&&apstag.fetchBids({slots:[t],timeout:n},perform(e){googletag.cmd.push(perform(){a(r),apstag.setDisplayBids(),r.biddersManager.amazon=!0,s(r)})})},this.createPrebidAdUnit=perform(){var t={sizes:e.prebidSizes},i={code:e.id,mediaTypes:{banner:t},bids:this.getBidders()};return this.outstreamEnabled(e.kind)&&(i.mediaTypes.video={context:”outstream”,playerSize:[444,250]}),i},this.getBidders=perform(){var t=window.innerWidth<768,i="leaderboard-mobile"===e.kind,n=[];if(this.outstreamEnabled(e.kind)&&(n.push(this.teads()),n.push(this.spotx())),n.push(this.appnexus()),n.push(this.triplelift()),t&&(i&&r||n.push(this.kargo())),n.push(this.rubicon()),!this.isEuUser())for(var s=0;s-1}});
}, {“1”:1}];
window.modules[“lazyload.legacy”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;require(71);var Layzr=require(72),instance=Layzr({threshold:100});instance.on(“src:before”,function(e){e.addEventListener(“load”,function(n){e.parentElement.classList.add(“loaded”)})}),document.addEventListener(“DOMContentLoaded”,function(e){instance.update().check().handlers(!0)});
}, {“71″:71,”72”:72}];
window.modules[“prebid.min.legacy”] = [function(require,module,exports){“use strict”;function _typeof(e){return(_typeof=”function”==typeof Symbol&&”symbol”==typeof Symbol.iterator?function(e){return typeof e}:function(e){return e&&”function”==typeof Symbol&&e.constructor===Symbol&&e!==Symbol.prototype?”symbol”:typeof e})(e)}!function(e){var t=window.pbjsChunk;window.pbjsChunk=function(r,o,a){for(var s,c,d,u=0,p=[];u>t/4).toString(16):([1e7]+-1e3+-4e3+-8e3+-1e11).exchange(/[018]/g,e)},t.getBidIdParameter=perform(e,t){return t&&t[e]?t[e]:””},t.tryAppendQueryString=perform(e,t,r){return r?e+t+”=”+encodeURIComponent(r)+”&”:e},t.parseQueryStringParameters=perform(e){var t=””;for(var r in e)e.hasOwnProperty(r)&&(t+=r+”=”+encodeURIComponent(e[r])+”&”);return t.exchange(/&$/,””)},t.remodelAdServerTargetingObj=perform(e){return e&&0‘+’In Slates annual Music Club, Slate music critic Carl Wilson emails with fellow criticsthis 12 months, Rolling Stone employees author Brittany Spanos, New York Times contributor Lindsay Zoladz, and particular friends Ann Powers, Jack Hamilton, Chris Molanphy, and Julyssa Lopezabout the 12 months in music.

‘:””},t.createTrackPixelIframeHtml=se,t.getValueString=ce,t.uniques=de,t.flatten=ue,t.getBidRequest=perform(e,t){return e?(t.some(perform(t){var n=s()(t.bids,perform(t){return[“bidId”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”adId”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”bid_id”].some(function(r){return t[r]===e})});return n&&(r=n),n}),r):void 0;var r},t.getKeys=pe,t.getValue=perform(e,t){return e[t]},t.getKeyByWorth=perform(e,t){for(var r in e)if(e.hasOwnProperty(r)&&e[r]===t)return r},t.getBidderCodes=perform(){return(0r[e]?-1:0}},t.parseQS=Ie,t.formatQS=Ae,t.parseUrl=perform(e,t){var r=doc.createElement(“a”);t&&”noDecodeWholeURL”in t&&t.noDecodeWholeURL?r.href=e:r.href=decodeURIComponent(e);var n=t&&”decodeSearchAsString”in t&&t.decodeSearchAsString;return””),hash:(r.hash},t.buildUrl=perform(e)”http”)+”://”+(e.host,t.deepEqual=Ee,t.mergeDeep=perform e(t){for(var r=arguments.size,n=new Array(1>>16,2246822507)^n(o^o>>>13,3266489909),(4294967296*(2097151&(o=n(o^o>>>16,2246822507)^n(i^i>>>13,3266489909)))+(i>>>0)).toString()};var n=r(3),i=r(159),o=r.n(i),a=r(10),s=r.n(a),c=r(12),d=r.n(c),u=r(160);r.d(t,”deepAccess”,perform(){return u.a});var p=r(161);perform f(e){return perform(e){if(Array.isArray(e))return g(e)}(e)||perform(e){if(“undefined”!=typeof Symbol&&Symbol.iterator in Object(e))return Array.from(e)}(e)||l(e)||perform(){throw new TypeError(“Invalid attempt to spread non-iterable instance.nIn order to be iterable, non-array objects must have a [Symbol.iterator]() method.”)}()}perform l(e,t){if(e)”Set”===r?Array.from(e):”Arguments”===r}perform g(e,t)t>e.size)&&(t=e.size);for(var r=0,n=new Array(t);r

nn

nn“)),c=d(m[i.size_id].split(“x”).map(function(e){return Number(e)}),2),s.width=c[0],s.height=c[1]),s.rubiconTargeting=(Array.isArray(i.targeting)?i.targeting:[]).reduce(function(e,t){return e[t.key]=t.values[0],e},{rpfl_elemid:f.adUnitCode}),t.push(s)):n.logError(“Rubicon: bidRequest undefined at index place:”.concat(o),r,e),t},[]).sort(function(e,t)0)-(e.cpm)},getUserSyncs:function(e,t,r,n){if(!x&&e.iframeEnabled){var i=””;return r&&”string”==typeof r.consentString&&(“boolean”==typeof r.gdprApplies?i+=”?gdpr=”.concat(Number(r.gdprApplies),”&gdpr_consent=”).concat(r.consentString):i+=”?gdpr_consent=”.concat(r.consentString)),n&&(i+=””.concat(i?”&”:”?”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”us_privacy=”).concat(encodeURIComponent(n))),x=!0,}},transformBidParams:function(e){return n.convertTypes({accountId:”quantity”,siteId:”quantity”,zoneId:”quantity”},e)}};function v(e,t)function y(e,t){var r=e.params;if(“video”===t){var i=[];return r.video&&r.video.playerWidth&&r.video.playerHeight?i=[r.video.playerWidth,r.video.playerHeight]:Array.isArray(n.deepAccess(e,”mediaTypes.video.playerSize”))&&1===e.mediaTypes.video.playerSize.length?i=e.mediaTypes.video.playerSize[0]:Array.isArray(e.sizes)&&0e.size)&&(t=e.size);for(var r=0,n=new Array(t);r=e&&t.innerWidth‘+v.vast_url+”“:v.vast_string&&(y=v.vast_string),g.pre_market_bids.push({id:v.deal_id,seatbid:[{bid:[{impid:Date.now(),dealid:v.deal_id,price:v.price,adm:y}]}],cur:v.currency,ext:{event_log:[{}]}})}}var h=n.getBidIdParameter(“mimes”,e.params)||[“utility/javascript”https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”video/mp4″https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,”video/webm”],_={id:e.bidId,secure:l,video:{w:p,h:f,ext:g,mimes:h}};””!=n.getBidIdParameter(“price_floor”,e.params)&&(_.bidfloor=n.getBidIdParameter(“price_floor”,e.params)),””!=n.getBidIdParameter(“start_delay”,e.params)&&(_.video.startdelay=0+Boolean(n.getBidIdParameter(“start_delay”,e.params))),””!=n.getBidIdParameter(“min_duration”,e.params)&&(_.video.minduration=n.getBidIdParameter(“min_duration”,e.params)),””!=n.getBidIdParameter(“max_duration”,e.params)&&(_.video.maxduration=n.getBidIdParameter(“max_duration”,e.params)),””!=n.getBidIdParameter(“placement_type”,e.params)&&(_.video.ext.placement=n.getBidIdParameter(“placement_type”,e.params)),””!=n.getBidIdParameter(“position”,e.params)&&(_.video.ext.pos=n.getBidIdParameter(“position”,e.params)),e.crumbs&&e.crumbs.pubcid&&(c=e.crumbs.pubcid);var S=navigator.language?”language”:”userLanguage”,I={id:s,imp:_,site:{id:””,page:a,content:”content material”},device:{h:screen.height,w:screen.width,dnt:n.getDNT()?1:0,language:navigator[S].split(“-“)[0],make:navigator.vendor?navigator.vendor:””,ua:navigator.userAgent},ext:{wrap_response:1}};n.getBidIdParameter(“number_of_ads”,e.params)&&(I.ext.number_of_ads=n.getBidIdParameter(“number_of_ads”,e.params));var A={};return 1==n.getBidIdParameter(“spotx_all_google_consent”,e.params)&&(A.consented_providers_settings=u),t&&t.gdprConsent&&(A.consent=t.gdprConsent.consentString,void 0!==t.gdprConsent.gdprApplies&&n.deepSetValue(I,”regs.ext.gdpr”,t.gdprConsent.gdprApplies?1:0)),t&&t.uspConsent&&n.deepSetValue(I,”regs.ext.us_privacy”,t.uspConsent),n.deepAccess(e,”consumerId.id5id.uid”)&&(A.eids=A.eids||[],A.eids.push({source:”id5-sync.com”,uids:[{id:e.userId.id5id.uid}],ext:e.userId.id5id.ext||{}})),c&&(A.fpc=c),e&&e.schain&&(I.source={ext:{schain:e.schain}}),e&&e.userId&&e.userId.tdid&&(A.eids=A.eids||[],A.eids.push({source:”adserver.org”,uids:[{id:e.userId.tdid,ext:{rtiPartner:”TDID”}}]})),n.isEmpty(A)||(I.user={ext:A}),{method:”POST”,url:”https://search.spotxchange.com/openrtb/2.3/dados/”+s,data:I,bidRequest:t}})},interpretResponse:function(e,t){var r=[],i=e.body;return i&&n.isArray(i.seatbid)&&n._each(i.seatbid,function(e){n._each(e.bid,function(e){var a={};for(var c in t.bidRequest.bids)e.impid==t.bidRequest.bids[c].bidId&&(a=t.bidRequest.bids[c]);n._each(a.params.pre_market_bids,function(t){t.deal_id==e.id&&(e.price=t.price,i.cur=t.currency)});var d=;d.meta=d.meta||{},e&&e.adomain&&0e.size)&&(t=e.size);for(var r=0,n=new Array(t);rt?e:t}perform d(e,t,n){!e.preload&&e.preloadThreshhold&&perform(e,t,n,i){return t.prime<=i+n&&u(e)}(t.target,t.rect,e.preloadThreshhold,n)&&(e.preload=!0,setTimeout(function(){e.trigger("preload",new r("preload",t))},15))}function c(n){var i=n.el.getBoundingClientRect(),o=t.innerHeight||e.documentElement.clientHeight,h=f(i,o),s=h/(i.height||o),l={target:n.el,rect:i,visiblePx:h,visiblePercent:s};!function(e,t){var n=t.visiblePx,i=t.visiblePercent;n&&i>=e.shownThreshold&&!e.seen?(e.seen=!0,setTimeout(perform(){e.set off(“shown”,new r(“shown”,t))},15)):(!n||i= o.size) return { executed: true }; return { executed: false, worth: o[i++] }; }, e: perform e(_e) { throw _e; }, f: F }; } throw new TypeError(“Invalid attempt to iterate non-iterable instance.nIn order to be iterable, non-array objects must have a [Symbol.iterator]() method.”); } var normalCompletion = true, didErr = false, err; return { s: perform s() { it = o[Symbol.iterator](); }, n: perform n() { var step = it.subsequent(); normalCompletion = step.executed; return step; }, e: perform e(_e2) { didErr = true; err = _e2; }, f: perform f() { strive { if (!normalCompletion && it.return != null) it.return(); } lastly { if (didErr) throw err; } } }; }

perform _unsupportedIterableToArray(o, minLen) 32)(?:Clamped)?Array$/.check(n)) return _arrayLikeToArray(o, minLen);

perform _arrayLikeToArray(arr, len) { if (len == null || len > arr.size) len = arr.size; for (var i = 0, arr2 = new Array(len); i < len; i++) { arr2[i] = arr[i]; } return arr2; } perform mountLegacyServices() { Object.keys(window.modules).filter(perform (key) { return typeof key === 'string' && key.match(/.legacy$/); }).forEach(perform (key) { return window.require(key); }); } perform tryToMount(fn, el, identify) { strive { fn(el); // init the controller } catch (e) { var factorTag = el.outerHTML.slice(0, el.outerHTML.indexOf(el.innerHTML)); console.error("Error initializing controller for "".concat(name, "" on "").concat(elementTag, """), e); } } /** * mount shopper.js element controllers */ perform mountComponentModules() { Object.keys(window.modules).filter(perform (key) { return typeof key === 'string' && key.match(/.shopper$/); }).forEach(perform (key) { var controllerFn = window.require(key); if (typeof controllerFn === 'perform') { var identify = key.exchange('.shopper"https://news.google.com/__i/rss/rd/articles/,"'), situationsSelector = "[data-uri*="_components/".concat(name, "/"]"), defaultSelector = "[data-uri$="_components".concat(name, ""]"), situations = doc.questionSelectorAll(situationsSelector), defaults = doc.questionSelectorAll(defaultSelector); var _iterator = _createForOfIteratorHelper(situations), _step; strive { for (_iterator.s(); !(_step = _iterator.n()).executed;) { var el = _step.worth; tryToMount(controllerFn, el, identify); } } catch (err) { _iterator.e(err); } lastly { _iterator.f(); } var _iterator2 = _createForOfIteratorHelper(defaults), _step2; strive { for (_iterator2.s(); !(_step2 = _iterator2.n()).executed;) { var _el = _step2.worth; tryToMount(controllerFn, _el, identify); } } catch (err) { _iterator2.e(err); } lastly { _iterator2.f(); } } }); } // Make positive {that a} `window.course of.env.NODE_ENV` is out there within the shopper for any dependencies, // providers, or parts that might require it // notice: the `` worth is swapped for the precise setting variable in /lib/cmd/compile/scripts.js window.course of = window.course of || {}; window.course of.env = window.course of.env || {}; if (!window.course of.env.NODE_ENV) { window.course of.env.NODE_ENV = ''; } // notice: legacy controllers that require legacy providers (e.g. dollar-slice) should // await DOMContentLoaded to initialize themselves, because the information themselves should be mounted first mountLegacyServices(); mountComponentModules(); // ]]