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Despite G.O.P. Efforts, Senators Become Jurors in Impeachment Trial

Senators have been sworn in as jurors within the impeachment trial of former President Donald J. Trump, after the Senate voted, 55-45, to proceed regardless of a Republican effort to dismiss the cost as unconstitutional.

“Will all senators now rise and raise their right hand. Do you solemnly swear that all things appertaining to the trial, the impeachment of Donald John Trump, former president of the United States, now pending, you do impartial justice according to the Constitution and laws, so help you God?” “All persons are commanded to keep silence on pain of imprisonment while the House of Representatives is exhibiting to the Senate of the United States an article of impeachment against Donald John Trump, former president of the United States.” “Mr President. The senator from Kentucky.” “Article 2, Section 4 of the Constitution says the president, vice president and all civil officers of the United States shall be removed from office on impeachment for and conviction of treason, bribery or other high crimes and misdemeanors. Article 1, Section 3, Clause 6 states, when the president of the United States is tried the chief justice shall preside. As of noon last Wednesday, Donald Trump holds none of the positions listed in the Constitution. He is a private citizen. The presiding officer is not the chief justice, nor does he claim to be. His presence and the chief justice’s absence, chief justice’s absence demonstrate that this is not a trial of the president, but of a private citizen. Therefore, I make a point of order that this proceeding, which would try a private citizen and not a president, a vice president or civil officer, violates the Constitution and is not in order.” “By constitutional text, precedent and common, basic sense, it is clearly and certainly constitutional to hold a trial for a former official. Former President Trump committed, in the view of many, including myself, the gravest offense ever committed by a president of the United States.” “The Senate, sitting as a court of impeachment, is adjourned until Tuesday, February [9], at 1 p.m.

Most G.O.P. Senators Vote Against Holding Impeachment Trial for Trump
Senators were sworn in as jurors in the impeachment trial of former President Donald J. Trump, after the Senate voted, 55-45, to proceed despite a Republican effort to dismiss the charge as unconstitutional.CreditCredit…Erin Schaff/The New York Times

A majority of Republicans rallied on Tuesday against trying former President Donald J. Trump for “incitement of insurrection,” with solely 5 members of his celebration becoming a member of Democrats in voting to go ahead with the impeachment trial for his function stirring up a mob that attacked the Capitol.

The 55 to 45 vote cleared the way in which for Mr. Trump’s second impeachment trial, by narrowly killing a Republican effort to dismiss the cost as unconstitutional. But it strongly advised that the Senate didn’t have the votes to convict the previous president. The opposition of all however a handful of Republicans underscored Mr. Trump’s continued power within the celebration even after his brazen marketing campaign to overturn his election defeat, fueled by false claims of voting fraud, and the lethal assault by his followers after he urged them to go to Congress to struggle the end result.

Senators may but change their views. But for now, the vote signaled the probability that Mr. Trump would for the second time in a 12 months be acquitted by the Senate in an impeachment trial, spared by loyal Republicans who have been reluctant to interrupt with him. It would take two thirds of senators — 67 votes — to realize a conviction, which means 17 Republicans must cross celebration strains to facet with Democrats find him responsible.

Senator Mitch McConnell, Republican of Kentucky and the minority chief, is alleged to imagine Mr. Trump dedicated impeachable offenses surrounding the lethal Capitol siege, had asserted that the previous president “provoked” the mob, and had stated he was undecided on the cost. Yet he voted with the overwhelming majority of the celebration to uphold the constitutional problem, which might have successfully terminated the trial if it had prevailed. His complete management staff joined him.

Senator Rand Paul, Republican of Kentucky, pressured the vote after arguing that it was unconstitutional to carry an impeachment trial of a former president, an assertion extensively disputed by students and even the Senate itself up to now.

“Private citizens don’t get impeached. Impeachment is for removal from office, and the accused here has already left office,” Mr. Paul stated, calling the trial “deranged” and vindictive.

He declared victory afterward, saying: “Forty-five votes means the impeachment trial is dead on arrival.”

The solely Republicans who joined Democrats in voting to place apart his objection and proceed have been Senators Lisa Murkowski of Alaska, Susan Collins of Maine, Mitt Romney of Utah, Ben Sasse of Nebraska and Patrick Toomey of Pennsylvania. All 5 had beforehand stated they have been open to listening to the impeachment case.

“My review of it has led me to conclude it is constitutional in recognizing impeachment is not solely about removing a president, it is also a matter of political consequence,” stated Ms. Murkowski, who has praised the House’s bipartisan impeachment and referred to as Mr. Trump’s actions “unlawful.”

Democrats bluntly rejected Republicans’ argument that the continuing was unconstitutional.

“The theory that the impeachment of a former official is unconstitutional is flat-out wrong by every frame of analysis,” stated Senator Chuck Schumer, Democrat of New York and the bulk chief, earlier than shifting to quash Mr. Paul’s try.

The Senate has taken that place up to now. In 1876, because the House was making ready to question him on corruption expenses, William Belknap, Ulysses S. Grant’s secretary of struggle, hurried to the White House, the place he tendered his resignation in tears simply earlier than Congress may act. The House proceeded anyway, and when the case arrived within the Senate, a majority of the physique determined that it retained jurisdiction to listen to the case, however Belknap’s departure from workplace. (The Senate in the end acquitted him, nevertheless.)

The motion on Tuesday unfolded simply after the Senate convened as a court docket of impeachment and senators took an oath, relationship to the 18th century, to manage “impartial justice.” Senator Patrick J. Leahy, Democrat of Vermont and the president professional tempore, was sworn in to preside over the continuing and the Senate formally summoned Mr. Trump to reply the House’s cost.

Senators then put the trial on pause for two weeks, agreeing to delay any additional debate till Feb. 9. The pause will enable President Biden time to win affirmation of members of his administration and provides Mr. Trump’s still-forming authorized staff an opportunity to arrange his protection.

Migrants at the border bridge in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico, last week.
Credit…Jose Luis Gonzalez/Reuters

In the primary authorized problem to the Biden administration’s immigration agenda, a federal choose in Texas has quickly blocked a 100-day pause on deportations.

The U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Texas on Tuesday issued a 14-day nationwide short-term restraining order sought by the state’s legal professional normal that will stop finishing up the coverage, which was issued by the Homeland Security Department inside hours of President Biden’s inauguration. The order will stay in impact till the choose has thought-about a broader movement for a preliminary injunction.

The choose, Drew B. Tipton, who was appointed by former President Donald J. Trump, stated in his ruling that the suspension of deportations would violate a provision of the immigration statute in addition to one other legislation that required companies to supply a rational rationalization for their coverage choices.

The immigration legislation states that folks with last orders of elimination from the United States should be deported inside 90 days. The court docket held that the 100-day pause violated that requirement and that the necessary language of the immigration legislation shouldn’t be “neutered by the federal government’s broad discretion.”

The court docket additionally held that the company’s memorandum violated a separate legislation that required companies to supply a logical and rational purpose for their coverage adjustments. The choose decided that the Homeland Security Department had run afoul of the Administrative Procedure Act as a result of it failed to provide satisfactory justification for the short-term suspension of deportations.

Immediately after taking workplace, Mr. Biden started dismantling a few of his predecessor’s initiatives that have been supposed to curb each authorized and unlawful immigration to the United States. The president has issued a collection of government orders, together with one to repeal a journey ban that focused majority-Muslim nations.

Immigration advocates challenged a lot of Mr. Trump’s insurance policies in federal court docket, and the choice by Judge Tipton on Tuesday signaled that immigration hawks may also sue to stymie Mr. Biden’s initiatives.

“The court’s order shows the uphill battle President Biden has in trying to reverse the prior administration’s immigration restrictions,” stated Stephen Yale-Loehr, an immigration lawyer and a professor at Cornell Law School. “A single judge can halt a federal agency’s effort to review and reprioritize its immigration enforcement policies.”

After the choice on Tuesday, Attorney General Ken Paxton of Texas stated on Twitter that it was a victory towards the left.

“Texas is the FIRST state in the nation to bring a lawsuit against the Biden Admin. AND WE WON,” wrote Mr. Paxton, a Republican, who’s beneath federal investigation for bribery and abuse of energy accusations raised by former aides.

“Within 6 days of Biden’s inauguration, Texas has HALTED his illegal deportation freeze,” Mr. Paxton wrote. “This was a seditious left-wing insurrection. And my team and I stopped it.”

In a letter final week to David Pekoske, the appearing secretary of homeland safety, Mr. Paxton referred to as the plan a “complete abdication of the Department of Homeland Security’s obligation to enforce federal immigration law” that will “seriously and irreparably harm the State of Texas and its citizens.”

Thousands of immigrants in detention facilities have deportation orders that may be executed as soon as they exhaust their authorized appeals. Thousands extra who dwell within the inside of the nation might be arrested as a result of they’ve excellent deportation orders.

The Biden administration stated that the pause was supposed to permit time for an inner evaluation. The moratorium would cowl most immigrants who confronted deportation, except they’d arrived within the United States after Nov. 1, 2020, have been suspected of committing acts of terrorism or espionage, or posed a menace to nationwide safety.

“We’re confident that as the case proceeds, it will be clear that this measure was wholly appropriate in ordering a temporary pause to allow the agency to carefully review its policies, procedures and enforcement priorities — while allowing for a greater focus on threats to public safety and national security,” a White House spokesman stated on Tuesday. “President Biden remains committed to taking immediate action to reform our immigration system to ensure it’s upholding American values while keeping our communities safe.”

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Biden Lays Out Plans to Advance Racial Equity

President Biden on Tuesday signed government actions to handle jail reform, inexpensive housing and police reform to uphold considered one of his central marketing campaign pledges: advancing the reason for racial fairness.

I imagine this nation and this authorities want to vary their entire strategy to the problem of racial equality — fairness. Yes, we want prison justice reform, however that isn’t practically sufficient. We have to open the promise of America to each American. And meaning we have to make the problem of racial fairness not simply a difficulty for anybody division of presidency. It needs to be the enterprise of the entire of presidency. And the straightforward fact is our soul will likely be troubled so long as systemic racism is allowed to persist. We can’t remove all the things in a single day. We can’t remove all the things. But it’s corrosive. It’s harmful, and it’s pricey. We should change, and I do know it’s going to take time, however I do know we will do it. And I firmly imagine the nation is able to change, however authorities has to vary as nicely. We have to make fairness and justice a part of what we do day by day. I’m going to signal these government actions to proceed the work, to make actual the promise of America for each American.

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President Biden on Tuesday signed government actions to handle jail reform, inexpensive housing and police reform to uphold considered one of his central marketing campaign pledges: advancing the reason for racial fairness.CreditCredit…Doug Mills/The New York Times

President Biden signed government orders on Tuesday to finish Justice Department contracts with non-public prisons and enhance the federal government’s enforcement of a legislation meant to fight discrimination within the housing market, a part of the brand new administration’s continued give attention to racial fairness.

Mr. Biden additionally signed orders that make it the federal authorities’s coverage to “condemn and denounce” discrimination towards Asian-Americans and Pacific Islanders, who’ve confronted harassment for the reason that coronavirus pandemic unfold from China to the United States and to strengthen relationships between the federal government and Native American tribes.

The strikes are incremental items of Mr. Biden’s broader push for racial fairness — an initiative that’s anticipated to be a centerpiece of his administration and that observe an government order final week directing federal companies to evaluation insurance policies to root out systemic racism. The authorities effort is led by Susan E. Rice, who runs the Domestic Policy Council.

“I’m not promising we can end it tomorrow, but I promise you, we’re going to continue to make progress to eliminate systemic racism,” Mr. Biden stated earlier than signing the orders. He added that “every branch of the White House and the federal government is going to be part of that effort.”

The orders are an escalating repudiation of President Donald J. Trump’s insurance policies and attitudes towards race relations. In separate government orders final week, Mr. Biden overturned a Trump administration ban on variety coaching in federal companies and disbanded a Trump-created historic fee that issued a report aiming to place a extra optimistic spin on the nation’s founders, who have been slaveholders.

In a convention name with reporters, a senior White House official described the Trump administration’s “heinous” Muslim ban and stated sure minority teams have been handled with a “profound level of disrespect from political leaders and the White House.”

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Biden Administration Orders 200 Million More Vaccine Doses

President Biden introduced on Tuesday that his administration was engaged on a deal to safe the doses of coronavirus vaccine from Pfizer and Moderna by the tip of the summer time. The deal is unlikely to speed up the present tempo of vaccination for a number of months.

This will likely be some of the troublesome operational challenges we’ve ever undertaken as a nation. I’ve stated that earlier than, however I need to say it once more, as a result of we’re going to do all the things we will to get it completed. After a evaluation of the present vaccine provide and manufacturing plans, I can announce that we’ll enhance general weekly vaccination distributions to states, tribes and territories from 8.6 million doses to a minimal of 10 million doses. And we imagine that we’ll quickly be capable of verify the acquisition of a further 100 million doses for every of the 2 F.D.A.-authorized vaccines, Pfizer and Moderna. That’s 100 million extra doses of Pfizer and 100 million extra doses of Moderna — 200 million extra doses than the federal authorities had beforehand secured. Not in hand but, however ordered. We anticipate these further 200 million doses to be delivered this summer time. We didn’t get into this mess in a single day. And it’s going to take months for us to show issues round. But let me be equally clear: We’re going to get by this. We will defeat this pandemic.

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President Biden introduced on Tuesday that his administration was engaged on a deal to safe the doses of coronavirus vaccine from Pfizer and Moderna by the tip of the summer time. The deal is unlikely to speed up the present tempo of vaccination for a number of months.CreditCredit…Jim Wilson/The New York Times

President Biden introduced on Tuesday that his administration was nearing a cope with Pfizer and Moderna to safe a further 200 million doses of coronavirus vaccine by the tip of the summer time — a time-frame that his predecessor had additionally envisioned, and one that won’t speed up the present tempo of vaccination for months.

The purchases would enhance the administration’s whole vaccine order by 50 %, elevating it from 400 million to 600 million doses — sufficient to vaccinate 300 million Americans by the “end of the summer, beginning of the fall,” Mr. Biden stated.

Although the president has been in workplace for lower than every week, he’s already beneath intense stress from a pissed off public to speed up vaccinations. Tuesday’s announcement will allow Mr. Biden to underscore that he shares these considerations.

The deal would offer the federal authorities with 100 million doses of the Pfizer vaccine and 100 million doses of the Moderna vaccine, Mr. Biden stated.

Speeding up what has been a sluggish distribution of vaccines has taken on extra urgency with the arrival of extra contagious virus variants within the nation.

But whereas the president has vowed to make use of the Defense Production Act if crucial to extend vaccine provide, there may be little he can do within the quick time period. Federal well being officers and company executives agree that it is going to be exhausting to spice up the instant provide of the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines — the one two which have federal authorization — earlier than April due to lack of producing capability.

Pfizer had agreed final summer time to supply an preliminary 100 million doses to the United States by the tip of March. Under a brand new settlement reached final month by the administration of former President Donald J. Trump, Pfizer agreed to supply a further 70 million doses by the tip of June and one other 30 million by the tip of July, doubling the deliveries it promised within the preliminary contract.

This newest deal would apparently obligate Pfizer to ship one other 100 million over the summer time, or roughly the third quarter of the 12 months.

The authentic contract stated that whereas the federal government may request that new tranche of vaccine, Pfizer may “reasonably” refuse it. But there was little expectation that Pfizer, an American firm, would accomplish that.

Mr. Biden additionally stated the federal authorities’s weekly allocations of coronavirus vaccines would enhance by about 1.4 million doses beginning subsequent week.

“This is going to allow millions more Americans to get vaccinated sooner than previously anticipated,” he stated.

The enhance, to round 10 million doses given to states, territories and tribes every week, will come from the federal authorities’s plans to launch extra of the vaccine made by Moderna, the Massachusetts biotech firm whose vaccine was approved for emergency use in December. Although governors will most likely welcome the information, it doesn’t replicate any enhance within the general quantity that Moderna will ship to the federal authorities within the first three months of this 12 months, in response to folks acquainted with the corporate’s manufacturing.

Governor Andrew Cuomo, the chairman of the National Governors Association, stated that New York, the place greater than 42,000 folks have died, welcomed each the rise in doses and Mr. Biden’s assurances that these vaccine allocations could be maintained in weeks to come back. “You really can’t plan and schedule when you don’t know what you’re going to get next week,” Mr. Cuomo stated on MSNBC. At the identical time, he conceded “it’s not enough,” because the state continues to attempt to vaccinate practically 20 million residents. “At this rate, we’re talking about months and months,” he stated.

The acting Capitol Police chief, Yogananda D. Pittman, told a House panel that the agency “failed to meet its own high standards as well as yours.”
Credit…J. Scott Applewhite/Associated Press

The appearing chief of the Capitol Police apologized to Congress on Tuesday for the company’s in depth safety failures on Jan. 6, acknowledging throughout a closed-door briefing that the division knew there was a “strong potential for violence” however did not take satisfactory steps to stop what she described as a “terrorist attack.”

Yogananda D. Pittman, the appearing chief of police, additionally confirmed that the Capitol Police Board, an obscure panel made up of three voting members, had initially declined a request two days earlier for National Guard troops after which delayed for greater than an hour because the violence unfolded on Jan. 6 earlier than lastly agreeing to a plea from the Capitol Police for National Guard troops, in response to ready testimony obtained by The New York Times.

In a unprecedented admission, Chief Pittman, who was not the appearing chief on the time of the siege, advised members of the House Appropriations Committee, which oversees funding for the company, that the Capitol Police “failed to meet its own high standards as well as yours.” She added, “I am here to offer my sincerest apologies on behalf of the department.” Chief Pittman’s predecessor, Steven Sund, resigned after the riot.

Chief Pittman’s feedback supplied the fullest detailed account to this point about police preparations for Jan. 6, when hundreds of offended protesters, believing false claims that the election had been stolen, marched on the Capitol on the behest of former President Donald J. Trump.

Speaking by video convention in a digital briefing, Chief Pittman advised the committee that the division “should have been more prepared for this attack,” in response to the remarks.

Chief Pittman stated that her division knew Jan. 6 could be not like earlier protests. She stated her division knew that militia teams and white supremacists organizations would descend on Washington.

“We also knew that some of these participants were intending to bring firearms and other weapons to the event,” she stated. “We knew that there was a strong potential for violence and that Congress was the target. The department prepared in order to meet these challenges, but we did not do enough.”

She stated the Capitol Police had 1,200 folks engaged on website when the assault occurred, which was “no match” for “the tens of thousands of insurrectionists.”

Two days earlier than the assault, Chief Sund requested that the Capitol Police Board declare a state of emergency and authorize a request to safe National Guard assist. The board denied the request, in response to Chief Pittman, however inspired Chief Sund to contact the National Guard to find out what number of guardsmen might be despatched to the Capitol on quick discover, which he did.

As the protesters turned an growing menace to the Capitol on Jan. 6, Chief Sund requested for extra assist from federal companies and legislation enforcement companies within the space. “He also lobbied the board for authorization to bring in the National Guard, but he was not granted authorization for over an hour,” Chief Pittman stated.

During the listening to, the commander of the District of Columbia National Guard advised committee members that his authority to shortly deploy the guard was eliminated forward of the riot. Maj. Gen. William J. Walker, the commanding normal of the D.C. National Guard, stated he had such authority for July 4, however the Pentagon required further approval for a request for the guard in the course of the Capitol assault, in response to an individual acquainted with the testimony.

General Walker testified that Chief Sund referred to as him because the menace to the Capitol elevated on Jan. 6 and that he instantly notified the Army.

“On my own, I started preparing people to be ready, but I had to wait for specific approval to go out to launch,” General Walker stated. “I was in constant communication with the U.S. Army leadership who was acting on behalf of the Secretary of the Army.”

Two of the board members on the time of the assault have already resigned: Paul D. Irving, the House sergeant-at-arms, and Michael C. Stenger, the Senate sergeant-at-arms. The third member, J. Brett Blanton, the Architect of the Capitol, remains to be on the board. Mr. Blanton was nominated by Mr. Trump in December 2019 and confirmed by the Senate that very same month. The chief of the Capitol Police serves in an ex-officio, non-voting capability.

“In my experience, I do not believe there was any preparations that would have allowed for an open campus in which lawful protesters could exercise their First Amendment right to free speech and at the same time prevented the attack on Capitol grounds that day,” Chief Pittman stated.

In the aftermath of the assault, many officers are affected by PTSD, she stated, “particularly after the loss of two of our officers directly and indirectly as a result of the events of January 6th.” Officers even have been experiencing a rise in coronavirus infections.

During the briefing, the appearing House sergeant-at-arms, Timothy P. Blodgett, additionally stated it was “clear there was a failure of preparation,” citing poor communications and a weak perimeter protection of the Capitol.

“Whether it was insufficient or conflicting intelligence, lacking ability to translate that intelligence into action, insufficient preparation or an inadequate ability to mobilize partner agencies for immediate assistance, a series of events, once thought unfathomable, unfolded allowing our most sacred halls to be breached,” Mr. Blodgett stated.

Senator Patrick J. Leahy has served in the Senate since 1975.
Credit…Oliver Contreras for The New York Times

Senator Patrick J. Leahy of Vermont, the longest-serving senator and the president professional tempore, was briefly taken to a hospital in Washington for remark early Tuesday night after he reported not feeling nicely, his spokesman stated. He returned house a number of hours later after an analysis.

Mr. Leahy, whose place within the Senate places him third in line for the presidency, oversaw the beginning of the impeachment proceedings towards former President Donald J. Trump earlier on Tuesday. At 80, Mr. Leahy is without doubt one of the oldest senators and has served within the Senate since 1975.

After he reported not feeling nicely in his workplace, Mr. Leahy “was examined in the Capitol by the attending physician,” stated David Carle, the spokesman. “Out of an abundance of caution, the attending physician recommended that he be taken to a local hospital for observation, where he is now, and where he is being evaluated.”

Mr. Leahy was taken to George Washington University Hospital, the place he obtained exams and “a thorough examination” earlier than being launched, Mr. Carle stated.

The senator “looks forward to getting back to work,” Mr. Carle stated.

Mr. Leahy has obtained each vaccine pictures for the coronavirus, and it was unclear what his signs have been.

Senator Charles E. Grassley, Republican of Iowa and Mr. Leahy’s predecessor as president professional tempore, was amongst those that wished Mr. Leahy nicely in a tweet Tuesday night.

President Biden’s new policy shift will include a resumption of American aid to the Palestinians.
Credit…Mohammed Saber/EPA, through Shutterstock

The Biden administration will restore diplomatic relations with the Palestinian Authority, greater than two years after President Donald J. Trump successfully ended them. The motion indicators a return to a extra conventional and evenhanded strategy to the Israeli-Palestinian battle, after a Trump administration coverage that was closely slanted towards Israel.

Richard Mills, the appearing U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, introduced the shift in a speech on Tuesday. The transfer will embrace a resumption of American support to the Palestinians.

Mr. Mills additionally reaffirmed assist for a “mutually agreed, two-state solution” between Israel and the Palestinians, “in which Israel lives in peace and security, alongside a viable Palestinian state.” And he referred to as on the events to chorus from unilateral actions, such because the annexation of territory and settlement exercise by Israel, or incitements to violence by the Palestinians, that would make such an final result harder.

Analysts and regional leaders say the prospects of an Israeli-Palestinian peace settlement are dimmer than they’ve been in many years. The events have all however ceased communications, Palestinian leaders summarily rejected a peace plan supplied by the Trump White House final 12 months and the problem isn’t amongst Mr. Biden’s high overseas coverage priorities.

But the announcement is a part of a broader return to earlier U.S. overseas coverage practices beneath Mr. Biden, and an finish to the open hostility between Washington and the Palestinians fomented by the Trump administration. Guided by his son-in-law, Jared Kushner, Mr. Trump took an overtly punitive strategy towards the Palestinians with the aim of forcing them to make concessions to Israel, to little avail.

The Biden administration’s coverage shift was shortly cheered by Palestinian leaders and supporters of a negotiated answer between Israel and the Palestinians.

“This is exactly the type of swift action the administration needs to take to restore American credibility as a diplomatic mediator between Israelis and Palestinians,” stated Jeremy Ben-Ami, the president of J Street, a liberal advocacy group that helps an Israeli settlement with the Palestinians.

Mr. Mills stated the Biden administration would “take steps to reopen diplomatic missions that were closed by the last U.S. administration,” with out providing specifics. In addition to closing the Palestinian Mission in Washington in September 2018, the Trump administration additionally closed the United States Consulate in East Jerusalem.

Patrick Kingsley contributed reporting from Jerusalem and Mohammed Najib from Ramallah, West Bank.

Aleksei A. Navalny, the Russian opposition leader, was escorted by police officers after a court hearing in Khimki, outside Moscow, this month.
Credit…Evgeny Feldman/Meduza, through Reuters

President Biden referred to as President Vladimir V. Putin of Russia on Tuesday to handle an extended listing of grievances — from the hacking of U.S. federal companies, to the poisoning and detention of the Russian dissident Aleksei A. Navalny in addition to a number of different “malign actions by Russia,” Jen Psaki, the White House press secretary, stated.

Mr. Biden struck a extra confrontational tone — a pointy break from former President Donald J. Trump’s chummy strategy to Mr. Putin — committing to the safety of Ukraine’s “sovereignty,” and urgent for the extension of the New Start treaty for 5 years, which might restrict each nations to 1,550 deployed strategic nuclear weapons.

“President Biden made clear that the United States will act firmly in defense of its national interests in response to actions by Russia that harm us or our allies,” in response to a White House readout of the dialog. “The two presidents agreed to maintain transparent and consistent communication going forward.”

When Mr. Biden was requested at an occasion on the White House on Tuesday what Mr. Putin needed to say, the president joked, “He sends his best!”

Mr. Biden attacked Mr. Trump and Mr. Putin with abandon in the course of the 2020 marketing campaign. But though he was in a position to mock Mr. Trump’s relationship with the Russian chief when he was a candidate, as president he should maintain the peace between uneasy nuclear rivals.

The president, talking to reporters on the White House on Monday, stated he was “very concerned” about Russia’s actions with regard to Mr. Navalny; about an evaluation by U.S. intelligence analysts that Taliban-linked militants have been supplied “bounties” by Russian operatives for killing U.S. and coalition forces in Afghanistan; and concerning the hack of U.S. authorities companies.

But he shortly pivoted to the necessity for cooperation in “mutual self-interest,” and the treaty.

Mr. Biden’s tone, whereas extra calibrated than his marketing campaign rhetoric, nonetheless displays a drastic break from Mr. Trump, who was usually loath to utter a unfavorable phrase about Mr. Putin, and gave scanty readouts — or none in any respect — of his interactions with the Kremlin.

In September, after Mr. Navalny was poisoned by a military-grade nerve agent that German authorities shortly decided to have originated in Russia, Mr. Trump refused to sentence Russia.

“So I don’t know exactly what happened — I think it’s tragic,” he stated of the poisoning to reporters on the time. “It is interesting that everybody’s always mentioning Russia, and I don’t mind you mentioning Russia, but I think probably China at this point is a nation that you should be talking about much more.”

Mr. Biden, a Kremlin critic who pressured President Barack Obama to arm Russia’s neighbors, instantly pointed the finger at Mr. Putin.

“The mode of attack leaves no doubt as to where the responsibility lies — the Russian state,” Mr. Biden stated in a press release as Mr. Navalny recovered in a German hospital. He added, that he deliberate to “hold the Putin regime accountable for its crimes.”

On Monday, Ms. Psaki referred to as for the “immediate and unconditional release” of the opposition chief. Shortly after taking workplace, Mr. Biden’s staff launched into a evaluation to find out Russia’s function within the large hacking of U.S. authorities companies.

Mr. Trump’s first chat with the Russian chief got here simply days after his election in mid-November 2016. Mr. Putin didn’t even acknowledge Mr. Trump’s loss to Mr. Biden till Dec. 15 — six weeks after the election.

Russia was additionally one of many subjects that Mr. Biden addressed throughout a name with Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg of NATO, officers stated.

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Blinken Is Confirmed by Senate as Secretary of State

On Tuesday, the Senate voted to verify Antony J. Blinken because the nation’s 71st secretary of state.

“Mr. Blinken is just the right person to rebuild and reassert America’s national security prerogatives on the global stage, and reestablish the first instrument of American power: diplomacy. For four years, the failed diplomacy of the Trump administration weakened our alliances, strengthened and emboldened our adversaries and tarnished America’s reputation abroad. We must reaffirm our commitment to NATO and other critical alliances around the world.” “In my judgment, the JCPOA was a colossal failure and a real blunder for American policy overseas. In talking with Mr. Blinken, he does not share that view, and obviously is going to work with the president carrying the president’s water to get us back into the JCPOA. I think that’s a mistake.” “The yeas are 78, the nays are 22. The nomination is confirmed.”

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On Tuesday, the Senate voted to verify Antony J. Blinken because the nation’s 71st secretary of state.CreditCredit…Pool picture by Alex Edelman

The Senate on Tuesday confirmed Antony J. Blinken because the nation’s 71st secretary of state, putting in President Biden’s longtime adviser who has a mission to rejoin alliances that have been fractured after 4 years of an “America First” overseas coverage.

Mr. Blinken, 58, has already signaled he’s ready to roll again a variety of State Department insurance policies that have been set beneath President Donald J. Trump. A centrist with an interventionist streak, he was authorized by a vote of 78 to 22 after receiving principally light prodding at his nomination listening to final week by senators who appeared keen to maneuver previous Mr. Trump’s confrontational strategy to diplomacy.

However, Mr. Blinken additionally advised the Senate Foreign Relations Committee final Tuesday that Mr. Trump “was right” to take a harder tone towards China, an overarching technique that’s sure to stay.

“I disagree, very much, with the way that he went about it in a number of areas but the basic principle was the right one,” Mr. Blinken stated. “And I think that’s actually helpful to our foreign policy.”

Yet Mr. Blinken described a measured willingness to rejoin different world powers in an settlement, which the Trump administration had jettisoned, to restrict Iran’s nuclear program.

He promised a tougher line on Russian cyber hacks and election meddling — even because the Biden administration stated it might work to increase an arms treaty with Moscow — and stated he would evaluation American coverage towards North Korea, which he described as “a problem that has not gotten better. In fact, it’s gotten worse.”

All are departures from the overseas insurance policies beneath Mr. Trump.

Mr. Blinken inherits a State Department the place many diplomats say they’re demoralized inside an company made up of about 1,000 fewer workers than when he left as its deputy secretary in early 2017.

He advised senators final week that he’ll view his plans to make sure variety and multiculturalism within the diplomatic corps “as a significant measure of whether I succeeded or failed, however long I’m in the job.”

That is one other distinction between his strategy and that of his instant predecessor, Mike Pompeo, the previous secretary of state who derided multiculturalism as “not who America is” simply hours earlier than Mr. Blinken’s protection of it.

In distinction to Mr. Pompeo’s fiery rhetoric and swaggering diplomacy, Mr. Blinken is a mild-mannered strategist who grew up in New York and Paris because the son and nephew of American ambassadors and the stepson of a Holocaust survivor.

Mr. Blinken, who performs in a rock band, can be a brand new father. He and his spouse, a former senior State Department official, have two very younger kids at house, and he would be the first secretary of state in trendy instances to be elevating toddlers whereas serving in workplace.

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Credit…Doug Mills/The New York Times

Janet L. Yellen was sworn in because the secretary of the Treasury Department on Tuesday by Vice President Kamala Harris, a history-making second as each are the primary ladies to carry two of essentially the most highly effective jobs within the United States authorities.

Ms. Yellen is the nation’s 78th Treasury secretary and the first lady to move the establishment in its 232-year historical past. She can be the primary lady to have held all three high financial jobs within the authorities, having served as chair of the Federal Reserve and the Council of Economic Advisers.

She is taking the job at a time of financial disaster, with thousands and thousands nonetheless out of labor and the restoration slowing because the coronavirus persists. Ms. Yellen will shortly be thrust into fraught negotiations over tips on how to design and cross a sturdy stimulus package deal to assist revive an financial system that has been hammered by the pandemic.

Standing outdoors the White House, Ms. Yellen took the oath of workplace together with her husband, the economist George Akerlof, and her son by her facet. At the conclusion of the ceremony, Ms. Harris stated, “Congratulations, Madam Secretary,” to which Ms. Yellen replied, “Thank you, Madam Vice President.”

Ms. Yellen stated on Twitter that she was proud to be becoming a member of the Treasury Department and described the sector of economics, and the company’s mission, as one that may “right past wrongs and improve people’s lives.”

Later within the day, Ms. Yellen despatched a message to the Treasury Department’s workers, introducing herself, laying out her targets and making clear that she plans to create a welcoming surroundings for profession workers. Many profession workers complained that Ms. Yellen’s predecessor, Steven Mnuchin, operated inside a tight-knit interior circle and didn’t make use of their talents.

“These are ambitious goals, and I am fully aware none of them will be accomplished by working exclusively with a small team out of the secretary’s office,” Ms. Yellen stated. “Ours will have to be an inclusive department.”

The new Treasury secretary stated within the memo that she plans to quickly embark on a “listening tour” of the division, holding digital conferences with every workplace and bureau to study what will be improved on the company.

The Treasury Department stated that Ms. Yellen additionally spent her first day speaking to her advisers and being briefed on the standing of President Biden’s rescue plan and the implementation of the present reduction packages.

The White House and lawmakers in Congress have begun the method of negotiating over President Biden’s proposed $1.9 trillion reduction invoice. Ms. Yellen, a labor economist, will assume a central function in making the case for why the financial system wants extra fiscal assist.

At her affirmation listening to final week, Ms. Yellen advised senators that it was time to “act big” and that doing so could be fiscally accountable in the long term by making a more healthy financial system.

In an indication of the duty forward, the Treasury Department has been quickly including workers and advisers in current days. Ms. Yellen was confirmed by a bipartisan vote on Monday, however her high deputy, Wally Adeyemo, and different senior officers who will oversee the division’s worldwide affairs, sanctions and home finance divisions aren’t but in place and would require Senate affirmation.

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Biden’s Commerce Secretary Nominee Testifies Before Senate

Gov. Gina M. Raimondo of Rhode Island, President Biden’s nominee for commerce secretary, testified to the Senate on Tuesday about her plans to assist the financial system.

“This confirmation hearing is just the starting point for our conversation about vital policy matters, including responding to the economic damage caused by the pandemic, investing in our people and small businesses, ensuring that American workers and manufacturers can compete fairly in the global market.” “The secretary of commerce will play an important role in strengthening our economy, and trying to defeat the pandemic and recover from its economic impacts. I think this is a critical job of the commerce secretary as we continue to see the impacts of Covid on our economy.” “Commerce Department has a simple, but vital mission: to spur good-paying jobs, empower entrepreneurs to innovate and grow, and help American workers and businesses compete. These are the same priorities that have guided my own life in my own career. In this time of overlapping crisis, the Commerce Department must be a partner to businesses and workers to help them innovate and grow.”

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Gov. Gina M. Raimondo of Rhode Island, President Biden’s nominee for commerce secretary, testified to the Senate on Tuesday about her plans to assist the financial system.CreditCredit…Jonathan Ernst/Reuters

Gov. Gina M. Raimondo, President Biden’s nominee to be the subsequent commerce secretary, advised lawmakers on Tuesday that she plans to assist American communities bounce again from coronavirus, aggressively implement commerce guidelines to fight unfair practices from China and leverage the ability of the federal government to mitigate local weather change if confirmed to a cupboard publish.

Ms. Raimondo, the governor of Rhode Island and a former enterprise capitalist, reassured members of the Senate Commerce Committee that she deliberate to work with them on priorities like defending American fisheries, increasing broadband entry that has grow to be significantly very important for college students in the course of the pandemic, and selling American analysis into cutting-edge applied sciences like synthetic intelligence and superior communications.

The Trump administration made heavy use of the division’s authorities to crack down on Chinese know-how corporations, turning usually to the so-called entity listing, which permits the United States to dam firms from promoting American merchandise and know-how to sure overseas corporations with out first acquiring a license. Dozens of firms have been added to the Commerce Department’s listing, together with telecom giants like Huawei and ZTE, which many American lawmakers see as threats to nationwide safety.

Ms. Raimondo declined to decide to protecting Huawei or different Chinese firms on the entity listing when pressed to take action by Ted Cruz, the Republican senator from Texas. But she vowed to make use of the powers of the Commerce Department “to protect Americans and our network from Chinese interference,” including, “that’s Huawei, ZTE, or any other company.”

“China’s actions have been anti-competitive, hurtful to American workers and businesses, coercive, and as you point out, they are culpable for atrocious human rights abuses,” she stated. “Whether it’s the entity list, or tariffs, or countervailing duties, I intend to use all those tools to the fullest extent possible to level the playing field for the American workers.”

Asked concerning the metal and aluminum tariffs levied on overseas nations by the Department of Commerce in the course of the Trump administration, Governor Raimondo declined to say whether or not they could be eliminated or modified. She stated that the Biden administration would perform a broad evaluation of commerce insurance policies in session with its allies, aggressively pursue uncompetitive commerce behaviors from China and be certain that the method that excludes sure firms from the tariffs is swift, honest and goal.

Several senators praised her mixture of private and non-private sector expertise, saying these expertise may assist the nation cope with financial harm from the pandemic, put money into American staff and enterprise, and promote the marine and house economies, which the Commerce Department oversees.

Governor Raimondo, stated that her background within the non-public sector as a enterprise capitalist and her expertise as state treasurer and governor of Rhode Island have ready her to assist notice the Commerce Department’s mission to create good-paying jobs and empower American entrepreneurs and staff.

“In this time of overlapping crises, the Commerce Department must be a partner to businesses and workers to help them innovate and grow,” Ms. Raimondo stated.

Lloyd J. Austin III, the new secretary of defense, ordered a review of how the Pentagon has been handling sexual assault cases.
Credit…Doug Mills/The New York Times

After years of failure to curb the scourge of sexual assault within the navy, Lloyd J. Austin III, the brand new secretary of protection, is open to contemplating important revisions to how these crimes are prosecuted, a possible sea change that generations of commanders have resisted.

Overhauling the way in which the navy handles sexual assault instances — by taking them outdoors the chain of command and assigning them to prosecutors with no connection to the accused — would wish approval by Congress, the place some legislators have lengthy pushed for such a system.

President Biden has been a vocal proponent of those adjustments, whilst normal after normal has gone to Capitol Hill to argue towards them over the previous decade. “I had a real run-in with one of the members of the Joint Chiefs in the cabinet room on the issue,” Mr. Biden stated final 12 months at a fund-raiser.

Mr. Austin’s first act as secretary was to order a evaluation of how the Pentagon has been dealing with sexual assault instances. He can be being pushed by Congress. Senators repeatedly requested him how he deliberate to deal with the issues of sexual harassment and assault within the navy throughout his affirmation listening to this month.

If Mr. Austin, a retired four-star military normal, have been to embrace these adjustments, he could be the primary secretary to take action, a significant shift in place for the Pentagon.

“Every defense secretary since Dick Cheney has come up here and said nice things and then the fight behind the scenes was to protect the status quo,” stated Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, Democrat of New York, who has spent years pushing laws on the problem.

Capitol Police officers stood outside a doorway that was damaged during the riot this month.
Credit…Erin Schaff/The New York Times

Justice Department officers stated on Tuesday that the fast-moving federal investigation into the assault on the Capitol is anticipated to sluggish as investigators flip their consideration to extra advanced issues similar to conspiracy and sedition instances, the investigation into the dying of Officer Brian D. Sicknick of the Capitol Police and violent assaults on members of the press.

In the 20 days since rioters stormed the Capitol, the F.B.I. has obtained over 200,000 digital media suggestions and recognized greater than 400 suspects. Federal prosecutors shortly charged 150 prison instances, a lot of which have now been elevated to felonies.

But the manhunt and investigation is anticipated to “reach a period of a plateau,” stated Michael R. Sherwin, the U.S. legal professional in Washington, as investigators shift from figuring out and rounding up people to assembling extra difficult conspiracy instances associated to doable coordination amongst militia teams and people from totally different states who had deliberate to journey to the Capitol and have interaction in prison conduct earlier than the assault.

“We have to have the proper evidence to charge these, and we’re going to get it,” stated Steven M. D’Antuono, the F.B.I. assistant deputy in command of the Washington area workplace. “All these cases are not based upon social media and Twitter and Instagram posts. We also have traditional law enforcement tools we need to use — grand jury subpoenas search warrants — and you don’t get that overnight.”

Investigators stated that a few of these efforts may end in extra difficult and critical instances being charged as quickly as this weekend and thru the approaching weeks.

In addition to conspiracy and sedition instances, Mr. Sherwin stated he had assigned prosecutors to look particularly at assaults on members of the information media. Photographs, movies and eyewitness accounts detailed assaults on journalists, together with photographers, reporters and digicam operators.

In one occasion, rioters have been seen on video attacking journalists stationed close to the Capitol constructing. After forcing them to flee, the assailants took and destroyed their tools.

Rioters additionally attacked a photojournalist after discovering that she labored for The New York Times, throwing her to the bottom, stealing one digicam and breaking one other.

Inside the Capitol, reporters huddled with members of Congress and their workers earlier than being taken to safe places.

Rioters breaching the Capitol building on Jan. 6.
Credit…Erin Schaff/The New York Times

In the hours after supporters of President Donald J. Trump engaged in a violent assault on the U.S. Capitol, some Republicans started advancing a fantastical various principle: that the assault was really led by far-left activists attempting to border Republicans.

The outlandish claims have been extensively discredited by the authorities, and a number of the faces within the Capitol crowd have been recognizable right-wing figures. The quite a few arrests for the reason that assault have overwhelmingly concerned devoted Trump supporters and far-right adherents. But regardless of the clear proof, the so-called false flag principle continues to persist in Republican circles.

Last week, the Oregon Republican Party handed a decision falsely claiming that there was “growing evidence that the violence at the Capitol was a ‘false flag’ operation designed to discredit President Trump, his supporters and all conservative Republicans.” Bill Currier, the chairman of the Oregon Republican Party, stated in a video dialogue that state celebration officers have been working with counterparts throughout the nation to “coordinate our messaging” across the Capitol assault, the response to it and the persevering with efforts to question the president.

Mr. Currier stated different states could be adopting related resolutions. “There will be many states doing this,” Mr. Currier stated. “We’re not the only ones.”

In Wyoming, the state Republican Party issued a press release claiming with out proof that leftist teams could also be poised to “engage in preplanned violent acts so that the Republican Party can be blamed.”

The deflection comes as Republican officers have more and more embraced conspiracy theories, usually stoked by Mr. Trump or his allies. Rudolph W. Giuliani, Mr. Trump’s lawyer, has superior conspiracy concepts concerning the Capitol assault, saying the riot was “preplanned” in “an attempt to slander Trump.”

Larry Kudlow, who led former President Donald J. Trump’s National Economic Council, had previously been a host on CNBC.
Credit…Stefani Reynolds for The New York Times

Larry Kudlow, the previous CNBC star who served as director of President Donald J. Trump’s National Economic Council, is returning to broadcasting.

Mr. Kudlow was named the host of a brand new every day present on Fox Business set to start later this 12 months, the community stated on Tuesday. He may also seem on Fox Business and Fox News as an on-air monetary analyst beginning Feb. 8.

This is the primary main tv gig secured by a senior Trump aide who stayed within the White House till the president’s time period ended final week. It can be one thing of a hiring coup for Fox Business, which competes towards CNBC and can now characteristic considered one of its rival’s longtime featured gamers.

Fox stated that it might present extra details about Mr. Kudlow’s new weekday program at a later date.

Mr. Kudlow’s hiring is the newest instance of the revolving door between Fox News and members of the Trump administration. But one other distinguished Trump defender might not be headed to the Rupert Murdoch-owned community so quickly.

Kayleigh McEnany, the previous White House press secretary, included an “employment agreement” with Fox News on a federally mandated disclosure kind she filed earlier this month, signaling that she had landed a job on the cable channel.

Fox News on Tuesday had a unique message for Ms. McEnany: not so quick.

“Kayleigh McEnany is not currently an employee or contributor at Fox News,” the community stated in a press release.

Ms. McEnany and Fox News did communicate after Election Day a few potential on-air function, in response to an individual briefed on the negotiations who requested anonymity to share the small print of personal discussions. But the community has paused these talks, even because it stays open to hiring Ms. McEnany at a later date, the particular person stated.

Ms. McEnany didn’t instantly reply to a request for touch upon Tuesday.

Credit…Doug Mills/The New York Times

As essentially the most distinguished on-air defender of Mr. Trump within the tumultuous weeks after his loss in November, Ms. McEnany was a frequent visitor on Fox News packages, significantly Sean Hannity’s prime-time present.

Before becoming a member of the White House, Ms. McEnany served as an on-air commentator for CNN. She began her media profession at Fox News after faculty, working for Mike Huckabee, the previous Arkansas governor and the daddy of Sarah Huckabee Sanders, one other former press secretary to Mr. Trump.

Ms. Sanders joined the community as an on-air contributor shortly after she departed the Trump administration in 2019, however she and the community not too long ago lower ties after she introduced her candidacy for governor of Arkansas.

Jen Psaki, the White House press secretary, said the Biden administration was taking the step as part of its commitment to inclusivity.
Credit…Anna Moneymaker for The New York Times

The Biden administration introduced this week that it might embrace an American Sign Language interpreter in its every day press briefings, a step that the earlier administration averted taking till a court docket ordered it to take action late final 12 months.

The transfer is a “historical first,” in response to Howard A. Rosenblum, the chief government officer of the National Association of the Deaf.

Past administrations have often had A.S.L. briefers at some White House occasions and conferences, Mr. Rosenblum stated, however President Biden is the primary to make it a fixture.

“The president is committed to building an America that is more inclusive, more just and more accessible for every American, including Americans with disabilities and their families,” Jen Psaki, the White House press secretary, stated throughout Monday’s briefing. She launched the interpreter as Heather.

Last 12 months, Mr. Rosenblum’s advocacy group and 5 deaf Americans sued the Trump administration for holding briefings on the coronavirus and not using a signal language interpreter current, arguing that it was a violation of the First Amendment.

The authorities responded that it had offered closed-captioning, however the plaintiffs stated that was not an satisfactory substitute. A federal choose in Washington sided with the plaintiffs, and the Trump administration began together with an interpreter in November.

During his first few hours in workplace, Mr. Biden signed an government order directing senior officers to take a look at methods to ensure folks with disabilities and different minorities weren’t denied alternatives or authorities advantages.

Mr. Biden additionally directed high leaders to interrupt down federal information, together with financial indicators, “by race, ethnicity, gender, disability, income, veteran status or other key demographic variables” to measure progress on fairness targets. The transfer was praised by many economists.

Under President Donald J. Trump, the White House ran an ad hoc clemency process that provided an advantage to people with connections to him.
Credit…Pete Marovich for The New York Times

Of the practically 240 pardons and commutations issued by President Donald J. Trump, solely 25 got here by the rigorous course of for figuring out and vetting worthy clemency petitions — an motion overseen by the Justice Department, in response to a tally stored partly by a former United States pardon legal professional.

For instance, Eliyahu Weinstein acquired phrase that two-thirds of his 24-year sentence for funding fraud was going to be commuted by Mr. Trump after the White House chief of workers referred to as a well-connected Washington lobbyist who had been employed to guide his clemency push.

Lawrence McCarroll, who’s serving a 33-year sentence for a nonviolent drug offense, realized from his mom that the petition he had filed with the Justice Department and the letter he had despatched to the president had did not win him a commutation of the remaining six years of his sentence. His mom emailed from her house in Kenosha, Wis., to inform him his identify had not appeared in information experiences about Mr. Trump’s last spherical of clemency.

The distinction between the therapy of Mr. Weinstein and Mr. McCarroll underscores the 2 very totally different programs for figuring out who obtained clemency throughout Mr. Trump’s presidency.

In one system, folks just like the McCarrolls principally hung their hopes on the common course of run by the Justice Department, which regularly took years to supply a response, if one got here in any respect. In the opposite system, folks like Mr. Weinstein skipped the road and acquired their petitions immediately on the president’s desk as a result of they’d cash or connections, or allies who did.

In addition to rewarding folks like Mr. Weinstein whose allies may afford to purchase entry to the very best ranges of the administration, the outcomes included pardons for folks with direct private relationships with the previous president, similar to his longtime adviser Roger J. Stone Jr., his former chief strategist Stephen Okay. Bannon, his former marketing campaign chairman Paul Manafort and his son-in-law’s father, Charles Kushner.