• Former US Secretary of State George P. Shultz has died at age 100.
  • Shultz was the longest serving secretary of state since World War II.
  • Condoleezza Rice praised Shultz as a “great American statesman” and a “true patriot.”
  • Visit the Business part of Insider for extra tales.

Former Secretary of State George P. Shultz, a titan of American academia, enterprise and diplomacy who spent most of the Nineteen Eighties making an attempt to enhance Cold War relations with the Soviet Union and forging a course for peace within the Middle East, has died. He was 100.

Shultz died Saturday at his residence on the campus of Stanford University, the place he was a distinguished fellow at the Hoover Institution, a assume tank, and professor emeritus at Stanford’s Graduate School of Business.

The Hoover Institution introduced Shultz’s loss of life on Sunday. A trigger of loss of life was not offered.

A lifelong Republican, Shultz held three main Cabinet positions in GOP administrations throughout a prolonged profession of public service.

He was labor secretary, treasury secretary and director of the Office of Management and Budget below President Richard M. Nixon earlier than spending greater than six years as President Ronald Reagan’s secretary of state.

Shultz was the longest serving secretary of state since World War II and had been the oldest surviving former Cabinet member of any administration.

Condoleezza Rice, additionally a former secretary of state and present director of the Hoover Institution, praised Shultz as a “great American statesman” and a “true patriot.”

“He will be remembered in history as a man who made the world a better place,” she mentioned in assertion.

Shultz had largely stayed out of politics since his retirement, however had been an advocate for an elevated give attention to local weather change. He marked his one hundredth birthday in December by extolling the virtues of belief and bipartisanship in politics and different endeavors in a bit he wrote for The Washington Post.

Coming amid the acrimony that adopted the November presidential election, Shultz’s name for decency and respect for opposing views struck many as an attraction for the nation to shun the political vitriol of the Trump years.

“Trust is the coin of the realm,” Shultz wrote. “When trust was in the room, whatever room that was — the family room, the schoolroom, the locker room, the office room, the government room or the military room — good things happened. When trust was not in the room, good things did not happen. Everything else is details.”

Shultz had a prolonged monitor document in academia, public service, and enterprise

Over his lifetime, Shultz succeeded within the worlds of academia, public service, and company America, and was broadly revered by his friends from each political events.

After the October 1983 bombing of the Marine barracks in Beirut that killed 241 troopers, Shultz labored tirelessly to finish Lebanon’s brutal civil conflict within the Nineteen Eighties. He spent numerous hours of shuttle diplomacy between Mideast capitals making an attempt to safe the withdrawal of Israeli forces there.

In this July 13, 1982, file picture, Secretary of State designate George Shultz, proper, speaks with members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee previous to the beginning of the afternoon session of the panel on Capitol Hill in Washington. From left are, Sen. Joseph Biden, D-Del.; Sen. Charles Percy, R-Ill., chairman of the panel and Sen. Edward Zorinsky, D-Neb.

AP Photo/Ira Schwarz, File


The expertise led him to consider that stability within the area might solely be assured with a settlement to the Israeli-Palestinian battle, and he set about on an bold however in the end unsuccessful mission to convey the events to the negotiating desk.

Although Shultz fell quick of his aim to place the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel on a course to a peace settlement, he formed the trail for future administrations’ Mideast efforts by legitimizing the Palestinians as a folks with legitimate aspirations and a legitimate stake in figuring out their future.

As the nation’s chief diplomat, Shultz negotiated the first-ever treaty to scale back the scale of the Soviet Union’s ground-based nuclear arsenals regardless of fierce objections from Soviet chief Mikhail Gorbachev to Reagan’s “Strategic Defense Initiative” or Star Wars.

The 1987 Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty was a historic try to start to reverse the nuclear arms race, a aim he by no means deserted in non-public life.

“Now that we know so much about these weapons and their power,” Shultz mentioned in an interview in 2008, “they’re almost weapons that we wouldn’t use, so I think we would be better off without them.”

Former Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger, reflecting in his memoirs on the “highly analytic, calm and unselfish Shultz,” paid Shultz an distinctive praise in his diary: “If I could choose one American to whom I would entrust the nation’s fate in a crisis, it would be George Shultz.”

George Pratt Shultz was born Dec. 13, 1920, in New York City and raised in Englewood, New Jersey. He studied economics and public and worldwide affairs at Princeton University, graduating in 1942. His affinity for Princeton prompted him to have the college’s mascot, a tiger, tattooed on his posterior, a truth confirmed to reporters many years later by his spouse aboard a aircraft taking them to China.

At Shultz’s ninetieth celebration, his successor as secretary of state, James Baker, joked that he would do something for Shultz “except kiss the tiger.” After Princeton, Shultz joined the Marine Corps and rose to the rank of captain as an artillery officer throughout World War II.

He earned a Ph.D. in economics at MIT in 1949 and taught at MIT and at the University of Chicago, the place he was dean of the enterprise college. His administration expertise included a stint as a senior workers economist with President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s Council of Economic Advisers and as Nixon’s OMB director.

George Schultz Arnold Schwarzenegger

George Shultz, left, and then-California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger, hear in the course of the opening of the twenty sixth Border Governors Conference in Los Angeles on August 14, 2008.

AP Photo/Nick Ut, File


Shultz was president of the development and engineering firm Bechtel Group from 1975-1982 and taught part-time at Stanford University earlier than becoming a member of the Reagan administration in 1982, changing Alexander Haig, who resigned after frequent clashes with different members of the administration.

A uncommon public disagreement between Reagan and Shultz got here in 1985 when the president ordered 1000’s of authorities workers with entry to extremely categorized info to take a “lie detector” take a look at as a solution to plug leaks of info. Shultz instructed reporters, “The minute in this government that I am not trusted is the day that I leave.” The administration quickly backed off the demand.

A yr later, Shultz submitted to a government-wide drug take a look at thought-about way more dependable.

A extra critical disagreement was over the key arms gross sales to Iran in 1985 in hopes of securing the discharge of American hostages held in Lebanon by Hezbollah militants. Although Shultz objected, Reagan went forward with the deal and hundreds of thousands of {dollars} from Iran went to right-wing Contra guerrillas in Nicaragua. The ensuing Iran-Contra scandal swamped the administration, to Shultz’s dismay.

In 1986 testimony to the House Foreign Affairs Committee, he lamented that “nothing ever will get settled on this city. It’s not like operating an organization or perhaps a college. It’s a seething debating society during which the talk by no means stops, during which folks by no means hand over, together with me, and that is the environment during which you administer.″

Under Reagan, Shultz set the document for longest-serving secretary of state 

After Reagan left workplace, Shultz returned to Bechtel, having been the longest-serving secretary of state since Cordell Hull below President Franklin D. (*100*).

He retired from Bechtel’s board in 2006 and returned to Stanford and the Hoover Institution.

In 2000, he grew to become an early supporter of the presidential candidacy of George W. Bush, whose father had been vp whereas Shultz was secretary of state. Shultz served as a casual adviser to the marketing campaign.

Shultz remained an ardent arms management advocate in his later years however retained an iconoclastic streak, talking out towards a number of mainstream Republican coverage positions. He created some controversy by calling the conflict on leisure medication, championed by Reagan, a failure and raised eyebrows by decrying the longstanding U.S. embargo on Cuba as “insane.”

He was additionally a outstanding proponent of efforts to battle the consequences of local weather change, warning that ignoring the dangers was suicidal.

A pragmatist, Shultz, together with former GOP Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, made headlines in the course of the 2016 presidential marketing campaign when he declined to endorse Republican nominee Donald Trump after being quoted as saying “God help us” when requested in regards to the chance of Trump within the White House.

Shultz was married to Helena “Obie” O’Brien, an Army nurse he met within the Pacific in World War II, they usually had 5 kids. After her loss of life, in 1995, he married Charlotte Maillard, San Francisco’s protocol chief, in 1997.

Shultz was awarded the nation’s highest civilian honor, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, in 1989.

Survivors embrace his spouse, 5 kids, 11 grandchildren, and 9 great-grandchildren.

Funeral preparations weren’t instantly introduced.

Longtime AP Diplomatic Writer Barry Schweid, who died in 2015, contributed to this report.