The Medical Research Council (MRC) University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research (CVR) has been at the forefront of its area for a variety of years.
But in 2020 their work grew to become much more essential – and time-sensitive – with the coronavirus spiralling into a global pandemic and the nation locked down on March 23.
One yr later, reporters got unique entry to a containment degree three (CL3) laboratory named after Professor Richard Elliott who labored in the virology unit and died simply as the lab opened in 2015.
Housed in the Sir Michael Stoker Building, which opened in 2005 at the college’s Garscube campus, Angela Elliott and Joyce Mitchell handle a fresh-faced and upbeat crew of scientists in full private protecting tools (PPE) who’ve been working seven days a week so as to achieve a higher understanding of SARS-CoV-2.
Among the know-how utilized in the lab is a fluorescent microscope which research assistant Dr Wilhelm Furnon defined can observe which cells have been contaminated by a virus – and the unfold, displaying which of them will be contaminated in the coming hours or days.
He described the microscope as ‘a powerful tool for us in order to test different drugs… or also to assess the efficiency of different vaccines’.
Dr Vanessa Herder PhD additionally confirmed how the crew determines the titre (or focus) of a virus by including it to cells as they develop in a three-day course of.
She highlighted the significance of discarding tubes in disinfectant to verify ‘everything is inactivated after being touched’ – and defined how straightforward it’s to disinfect coronavirus having labored with ‘many other viruses which are much more difficult to disinfect’.
The crew solely wants and makes use of one 70% alcohol disinfectant for this course of which ends with changing one layer of gloves in the PPE and sporting a new pair to switch the samples in a disinfected tub to an incubator.
Another member of the crew, Arthur Wickenhagen – a PhD scholar and research assistant – displayed one other course of to create a liquid which is used for experiments.
He mentioned: ‘Because the virus is causing quite a bit of damage to the cells we want to separate our cells from the virus so we take a liquid, putting it in the tube and spinning all the cells down so that in the liquid only the virus remains.’
‘We’re simply utilizing our pipettes, rigorously open up our flask after which slowly take the liquid… stuffed with infectious viral particles, then take a contemporary tube and punctiliously fill it.’
Once the crew makes certain the tube is clear it then goes into completely different containers that are by no means opened outdoors the security cupboards they work from.
Mr Wickenhagen additionally confirmed the GloMax, a new piece of apparatus in the lab which helps perform drug screens shortly.
He mentioned: ‘Some of those drugs are cytotoxic so we’re to see whether or not these medication trigger the cells we’re utilizing to die and we’re doing that with the luminescence assays.
‘Once the medication kill the cells, a substrate is launched that causes a mild expose and we are able to measure that mild with this machine.
‘If there are compounds that have killed the cells they will have releases stuff into the liquid that then creates a light signal that we can pick up.’