Introduction

Test automation companies has confirmed to extend the pace, high quality, and effectivity of the software program in some ways. Listed beneath are prime 11 open supply instruments in your automation wants.

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Selenium

Selenium was initially developed by Jason Huggins in 2004 at ThoughtWorks. It is a software program testing framework which can be utilized to check the net purposes.

It gives driver to automate net purposes throughout completely different browsers.

Pros:

  • Selenium reduces execution time because it helps parallel execution.
  • Selenium helps completely different working methods similar to Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X.
  • Selenium helps varied scripting languages similar to Java, C#, Python, Ruby, Perl, PHP and JavaScript.

Cons:

  • Selenium can’t be used to check the desktop primarily based purposes.
  • Selenium gives much less help for picture testing.
  • Selenium doesn’t have in-built reporting facility.

Appium

Appium was initially developed by Dan Cuellar in 2011. It is a cellular automation testing framework. It helps native, hybrid, net utility testing.

It permits testing the appliance on bodily units, emulator and simulator. It helps cross-platform utility testing.

Pros:

  • Appium helps each Android and iOS. It interprets all selenium instructions into XCUITest (iOS) if the MAC OS model is larger than iOS 9.3 or UIAutomator (Android) relying on the machine sort.
  • Appium helps scripting languages similar to Java, Objective-C, JavaScript with node.js, PHP, Ruby, Python, C#, and many others.

Cons:

  • Does not help picture comparisons.
  • Some of the gesture helps are usually not out there
  • Appium doesn’t help the android model older than 17.

Sikuli

Sikuli was launched by Raimund Hocke (aka RaiMan) in 2011. It is an automation instrument used to check the GUI utilizing “Visual Image Match” technique.

It identifies the picture utilizing Image Recognition. This instrument is a most well-liked one when there is no such thing as a entry to inner supply code of the appliance.

Pros:

  • Sikuli permits automating flash objects.
  • Sikuli can automate window purposes in addition to net purposes.

Cons:

  • Sikuli is just not most well-liked when UI components are always altering.

Katalon Studio

Katalon studio was developed by Katalon LLC. Its first public launch was in 2016. It is an open supply automation instrument which helps net, Mobile utility, and API Testing.

It is developed on prime of the open supply automation frameworks similar to selenium and appium.

Pros:

  • Katalon studio helps scripting languages similar to Groovy and Java.
  • Execution check studies may be exported in varied codecs similar to HTML, PDF…and many others.
  • Katalon has particular characteristic known as “Record and Playback”. That is, instrument generates check script routinely by recording every net actions and capturing every object.
  • Katalon studio helps a number of platforms similar to Windows, Linux and Mac OS X.

Cons:

  • Katalon studio helps solely Java and Groovy languages.

JUnit

JUnit is an open supply testing framework. As it identify signifies, this framework is for performing unit check for small unit of code.

It identifies every check strategies utilizing @Test annotation. It gives assertions class for checking anticipated outcomes.

Pros:

JUnit may be simply built-in with Ant and Maven.

Cons:

JUnit can not do dependency testing.

TestNG

TestNG is launched by Cedric Beust. It is automation testing framework during which NG stands for “Next Generation”.

It gives an in depth report which gives details about handed, failed and skipped check case particulars.

This framework impressed from JUnit framework. This framework is healthier than JUnit framework.

Pros:

  • TestNG helps parallel execution.
  • TestNG permits us to create dependent checks, prioritize checks and permits us to group the checks.
  • With the assistance of @DataProvider annotation, knowledge pushed strategy may be achieved via TestNG framework.

Cons:

  • TestNG helps solely Java.

JMeter

JMeter is an open supply testing software program which can be utilized to carry out load and efficiency testing for net companies, cellular and API.

This software program can conduct load and efficiency check for a lot of server varieties similar to Web, database and mail.

Pros:

  • JMeter helps Record and Playback characteristic.
  • JMeter run on a number of platforms since it’s a pure Java desktop utility.
  • JMeter check outcomes may be visualized utilizing chart, desk, log file and tree. Performance of varied companies may be analysed and measured utilizing this software program.

Cons:

  • JMeter doesn’t suites for desktop purposes.

Robotium

Robotium was launched and developed by Renas Reda. It is an Android check automation framework which gives full help for native and hybrid purposes.

Test scripts may be written utilizing Java. It can be utilized to write down useful, system and consumer acceptance check circumstances.

Pros:

  • It has easy API, so much less time is required to write down check circumstances.
  • It may be simply built-in with Maven and ANT.

Cons:

  • Robotium can’t check flash parts.

Robot framework

Robot framework was launched and developed by Pekka Klarck. It is a generic automation testing framework for consumer acceptance testing and acceptance check pushed growth. It follows key phrase pushed strategy.

Pros:

  • Robot framework is utility and working system impartial.
  • Robot framework check case may be written utilizing pure language itself. A check report will get generated as soon as the execution is full. Reports can be found as a HTML/XML format.

Cons:

  • Robot framework doesn’t help parallel execution immediately.

Cucumber

Cucumber is testing framework primarily based on Behaviour Driven Development (BDD). It makes use of a easy grammar outlined by a language known as “Gherkin” to outline utility behaviour. This framework is written utilizing Ruby.

It writes its checks eventualities in Given/When/Then format. This situation file known as characteristic file which is the entry level for any cucumber checks.

Pros:

  • Cucumber helps scripting languages like Java, Perl, PHP, Python and DotNet.
  • Cucumber is on the market as a plugin in eclipse software program.

Cons:

  • Cucumber framework helps solely net purposes.

Espresso

Espresso is a testing framework for android to write down dependable check circumstances for cellular utility consumer interfaces.

This framework is usually suites for white field automation check circumstances the place the check can immediately work together with the appliance below check implementation code. It has main three parts.

  • ViewMatchers
  • ViewActions
  • ViewAssertions

Grinder

The Grinder was initially developed by Paco Gómez and Peter Zadrozny. It is a Java-based load testing framework. Default scripting language for Grinder is Jython (Java implementation of python).

It additionally helps Java and Clojure scripting languages. This framework can be utilized for distributed load testing. It has two most important parts:

  • Grinder Console- Controls brokers and displays outcomes via GUI
  • Grinder agents- Headless load mills.

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Comparison Table

Automation instruments are in contrast by contemplating varied metrics. JMeter and Grinder framework have been excluded from the comparability, since they’re load testing frameworks. Refer the desk: Table 1